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Showing items 1 through 9 of 358.
  1. Library Resource

    Empleo, realidad y sueños de la juventud rural en Chile

    Reports & Research
    May, 2017
    Chile

    Este estudio indaga sobre la inserción y experiencia laboral de los jóvenes rurales en el Chile de la segunda década del siglo XXI; esos jóvenes, hombres y mujeres que actualmente tienen entre 15 y 29 años, han nacido y se están desarrollando en un entorno económico, social, cultural e incluso demográfico radicalmente distinto del de sus abuelos, quienes vivieron su infancia y/o adolescencia durante el período de la reforma agraria -probablemente la transformación más profunda en la historia de la sociedad chilena-, por lo cual la hemos identificado como la generación de los “nietos de la r

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2005
    Chile

    Farm production is surrounded by uncertainty. Between planting and harvesting manyrandom events such as plagues, droughts and sudden changes in commodity prices, may affectfarmers’ revenues. Agriculture in arid and semi-arid zones is highly dependent on rainfall, whichintroduces an additional risk during droughts. This research posits the hypothesis that watermanagement in agriculture during droughts strongly depends on the risks farmers face and ontheir expectations, based on past drought experiences.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2009
    Chile

    Approximately 80% of the world’s agricultural landpresents moderate levels of erosion. In Chile, the risks related to soil erosion are greater in thepre Andean mountain areas or coastal dry-lands. However, there are also indications of low levelsof erosion in the Central Valley which, given the importance of this region for the country’sagricultural sector, should be taken seriously to avoid a worsening of the situation. This articleexamines the association of natural, social, human and fi nancial capital variables with the adoptionof soil conservation practices in Linares, Chile.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2010
    Chile

    A multitemporal analysis to determine the land cover change was conduced in the pre-Andean range of Maule region of Chile. We used satellite imagery from the year 1989 and 2003 to analyze the likely causes of native forest change. In this period, there was a reduction in native forest area of 44% in the study area, which is equivalent to an annual forest loss rate of 4.1%. The native forest area is replaced by shrublands (29%) and exotic forest plantations (27%). A great proportion of current exotic forest plantations are established on lands that were native forest in 1989 (63%).

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2010
    Chile

    In the Región de Aysen, Chile, Nothofagus antarctica (ñirre or Antarctic beech) forms puré forests called shrubby beech forests and secondary mixed shrub of anthropogenic origin. The aim of this work is to characterize the insect fauna associated to the foliage of Antarctic beech forests and scrublands in the Baker river basin. Insects were collected in spring (October 2006) and summer (January 2007), in five beech forests and 10 scrub patches from latitudes 47°2' S - 72°48' W to 47°15' S - 73° W. Six orders of insects were identified, being Coleóptera the most diverse.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2006
    Chile

    The System of Incentive for Degraded Soils Recuperation is one of the Ministry of Agriculture’s most important programs. Theprogram has existed for eight years and annually benefits nearly 40,000 farms, totaling US$ 30 million per year. This study evaluatestwo specific sub-programs of incentives using a year 2001 survey of 402 small farm households participating in INDAP (small-farmsubsidized credit program) and living in the VII to X Regions.

  7. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2005
    Chile

    Este artículo pretende poner en discusión el tema del crecimiento económico, la demanda energética que este requiere, y los impactos territoriales que provocan las infraestructuras necesarias para suplir esta demanda. Esto desde la óptica del caso chileno, que por sus características energéticas la mayoría de estas se localizan en entornos rurales, sin embargo es en los territorios urbanos donde esta es mayormente consumida.

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2006
    Chile

    The rural economy is constituted of many economic activities as forest, fishing and of course agriculture, among others that are developedin nonurban areas. In this work the rural areas are analyzed from a spatial perspective (areal and georreferenced Information), in termsof density of population, distance to the centers of services and activities that are developed on them. The general objective is toquantify, characterize and hierarchize the rurality in the X Region of the Lakes – Chile, and to relate these levels to some developedeconomic activities.

  9. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2016
    Chile

    Muchos estudios han abordado el tema de la producción agrícola y alimentaria, incluso respecto del aporte de las mujeres a las economías locales y los cambios de los sistemas alimentarios a nivel global. Sin embargo, en el ámbito rural, muchas veces las mujeres no son visibles, pese a que realizan una gran parte de las actividades en la finca. En general, además, los negocios rurales propiedad de mujeres tienden a enfrentar más barreras y reciben menos servicios y apoyo que los negocios en manos de hombres.

  10. Library Resource
    Multimedia
    December, 2011
    Chile

    El Empoderamiento de las Mujeres Rurales, un evento organizado por el PMA y las Mujeres de las Naciones Unidas en el marco de la reunión 2011 de la Iniciativa Global Clinton, puso de relieve el papel fundamental que las mujeres agricultoras pueden desempeñar en la derrota del hambre. He aquí una muestra de la discusión entre tres personas importantes que asistieron al evento, empezando con la directora ejecutiva de de las ONU Mujeres Michelle Bachelet.

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