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Coat of arms of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Location

Kazakhstan
KZ

Ethnic Kazakhs, a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who migrated to the region by the 13th century, were rarely united as a single nation. The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century, and Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936. Soviet policies reduced the number of ethnic Kazakhs in the 1930s and enabled non-ethnic Kazakhs to outnumber natives. During the 1950s and 1960s agricultural "Virgin Lands" program, Soviet citizens were encouraged to help cultivate Kazakhstan's northern pastures. This influx of immigrants (mostly Russians, but also some other deported nationalities) further skewed the ethnic mixture. Non-Muslim ethnic minorities departed Kazakhstan in large numbers from the mid-1990s through the mid-2000s and a national program has repatriated about a million ethnic Kazakhs back to Kazakhstan. These trends have allowed Kazakhs to become the titular majority again. This dramatic demographic shift has also undermined the previous religious diversity and made the country more than 70% Muslim. Kazakhstan's economy is larger than those of all the other Central Asian states largely due to the country's vast natural resources. Current issues include: developing a cohesive national identity, expanding the development of the country's vast energy resources and exporting them to world markets, diversifying the economy, enhancing Kazakhstan's economic competitiveness, and strengthening relations with neighboring states and foreign powers.

Kazakhstan is a presidential republic.

Source: CIA World Factbook

Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan Resources

Displaying 21 - 30 of 70
International Conventions or Treaties
Turkmenistan
Tajikistan
Moldova
Azerbaijan
Uzbekistan
Kyrgyzstan
Russia
Ukraine
Kazakhstan
Belarus
Armenia
Eastern Europe
Europe
Asia
Central Asia
Western Asia

This Protocol sets up Interstate council on natural and technological disasters performing the following functions: (a) assistance in organization of cooperation between the Parties in the sphere of prevention of natural and technological disasters and mitigation of the consequences thereof; and (b) drafting recommendations for improvement of legislation related to prevention of natural and tec

International Conventions or Treaties
Turkmenistan
Tajikistan
Moldova
Azerbaijan
Uzbekistan
Kyrgyzstan
Russia
Ukraine
Kazakhstan
Belarus
Armenia
Eastern Europe
Europe
Asia
Central Asia
Western Asia

The Parties have agreed to cooperate in the following spheres: (a) integration of early warning systems and emergency intervention systems; (b) joint participation in the international organizations and programs; (c) liability of each Party for the outbreak and consequences of disasters; (d) prevention of the outbreak of disasters; and (e) autonomous decision-making at the national level.

Regulations
Kazakhstan
Russia
Central Asia

The purpose of the state supervision shall be to enforce the rules and regulations on land use, to ensure the correctness of keeping the state land cadastre and land use planning and carrying out the arrangement on the rational land management and soil conservation. The state supervision shall be the competence of the national land institution.

Regulations
Kazakhstan
Russia
Central Asia

This Ministerial Decree establishes the modalities of carrying out veterinary and sanitary arrangements in accordance with veterinary norms and standards that are compulsory for all natural and legal persons.

Regulations
Kazakhstan
Russia
Central Asia

This Ministerial Decree sets forth the modalities for the accurate determination and mapping of the effective position of coastlines. The crossline between the surface of surface waterbodies (seas, lakes, rivers, ponds and water reservoirs) and the surface of dry land shall be established depending upon the determined water edge.

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