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Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the United Republic of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule ended in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities. The formation of a government of national unity between Zanzibar's two leading parties succeeded in minimizing electoral tension in 2010.

Tanzania is a presidential republic.

Source: CIA World Factbook

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Eastern Africa

This Act amends the Land Act, 1999. Amendments are:(a) a new definition of "sale"; (b) amendment to section 19 and 20 by repealing subsection 2 and 3, respectively, and substituting them, with new subsections as provided for in sections 3 and 4; amendments to section 37 are made in regards to the sale of the right of occupancy without un-exhausted improvement (sect.

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