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The UK annexed Southern Rhodesia from the former British South Africa Company in 1923. A 1961 constitution was formulated that favored whites in power. In 1965 the government unilaterally declared its independence, but the UK did not recognize the act and demanded more complete voting rights for the black African majority in the country (then called Rhodesia). UN sanctions and a guerrilla uprising finally led to free elections in 1979 and independence (as Zimbabwe) in 1980. Robert MUGABE, the nation's first prime minister, has been the country's only ruler (as president since 1987) and has dominated the country's political system since independence. His chaotic land redistribution campaign, which began in 1997 and intensified after 2000, caused an exodus of white farmers, crippled the economy, and ushered in widespread shortages of basic commodities. Ignoring international condemnation, MUGABE rigged the 2002 presidential election to ensure his reelection.

In April 2005, the capital city of Harare embarked on Operation Restore Order, ostensibly an urban rationalization program, which resulted in the destruction of the homes or businesses of 700,000 mostly poor supporters of the opposition. MUGABE in June 2007 instituted price controls on all basic commodities causing panic buying and leaving store shelves empty for months. General elections held in March 2008 contained irregularities but still amounted to a censure of the ZANU-PF-led government with the opposition winning a majority of seats in parliament. Movement for Democratic Change - Tsvangirai opposition leader Morgan TSVANGIRAI won the most votes in the presidential poll, but not enough to win outright. In the lead up to a run-off election in June 2008, considerable violence against opposition party members led to the withdrawal of TSVANGIRAI from the ballot. Extensive evidence of violence and intimidation resulted in international condemnation of the process. Difficult negotiations over a power-sharing "government of national unity," in which MUGABE remained president and TSVANGIRAI became prime minister, were finally settled in February 2009, although the leaders failed to agree upon many key outstanding governmental issues. MUGABE was reelected president in June 2013 in balloting that was severely flawed and internationally condemned. As a prerequisite to holding the election, Zimbabwe enacted a new constitution by referendum, although many provisions in the new constitution have yet to be codified in law.

Zimbabwe is semi-presidential republic.

Source: CIA World Factbook

Government of Zimbabwe Resources

Displaying 41 - 50 of 64
Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

The Nyanga and Matopos Estates shall vest in the President and, subject to this Act, shall be held in trust by him for the people of Zimbabwe.

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act concerns the control of the grazing of livestock.

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act concerns the fencing of land. "Fence" means a fence separating the adjoining pieces of land of different owners and includes: (a) any gate, grid track, other than a grid on a main road as defined in the Roads Act, or stile and any other means of passage over or through the fence concerned; and (b) any ditch, hedge, railings or wall used as a fence.

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act provides for the establishment of the Small Enterprises Development Corporation and the Small Enterprises Development Board, defines powers and functions of the Corporation and provides for the functioning and financing of the Corporation.The functions of the Corporation shall be to: (a) encourage and assist in the establishment of cooperatives and small commercial or industrial enterp

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act principally makes provision for the making and registration of deeds regarding land and other real rights, for rights in land such as lease and servitude and for the transfer of land.The Act consists of 88 section divided into 7 Parts: Preliminary (I); Administration (II); Registration (III); Registration of land (IV); Bonds (V); Rights in immovable property (VI); General (VII).There s

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

"Occupation" is defined in section 2 as "actual and bona fide farming by cultivation or with stock". Section 3 specifies terms on which conditions in title deeds in land regarding occupation shall be deemed to be satisfied. Such criteria regard construction of permanent building, cultivation or keeping of cattle or other livestock for a specified amount of time.

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

The Act makes provision for the Agricultural Land Settlement Board and for the lease of agricultural land by public authorities in the framework of development of agriculture and the control on the use of land.The 53 sections of this Act are divided into 7 Parts: Preliminary (I); Agricultural Land Settlement Board (II); Functions of the Board (IIa); Land Settlement (III); Control and Occupation

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act concerns rural land. The Act consists of 15 sections divided into 4 Parts: Preliminary (I); Acquisition and Alienation of State Land (II); Occupation of Land by Person Other Than Owner Not Involving Subdivision (III); General (IV).Communal land and other specified types of land are excluded from the operation of this Act (sect. 3).

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act provides for the establishment of the National Environmental Council, the Environmental Management Agency, Environment Management Board, the Standards and Enforcement Committee and the Environment Fund, provides for the formulation of environmental quality standards and environmental plans, provides for environmental impact assessments audit and monitoring of projects and for other mat

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