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Biblioteca Research on the Impact of Land Circulation on the Income Gap of Rural Households: Evidence from CHIP

Research on the Impact of Land Circulation on the Income Gap of Rural Households: Evidence from CHIP

Research on the Impact of Land Circulation on the Income Gap of Rural Households: Evidence from CHIP

Resource information

Date of publication
Dezembro 2020
Resource Language
ISBN / Resource ID
LP-midp002441

With the continued development of the economy, the income gap among Chinese rural households continues to widen. The land system plays a decisive role in developing “agriculture, rural areas and farmers” and land circulation is a factor in the increase in income inequality among farm households. Based on the 2013 China Household Income Project (CHIP), this article used the re-centered influence function (RIF) regression method to empirically test the impact of rural land circulation on the income gap of rural households in China in three regions: the central, eastern and western regions. The quantile regression tested the impact mechanism of income inequality of rural households from the perspective of labor mobility and land circulation. The empirical results showed that land circulation increases the income inequality of rural households. The theoretical mechanism test proved that the dynamic relationship between land circulation and labor mobility increases rural household income. However, this increase has a greater effect on rural households with a high income and a small effect on rural households with a low income, resulting in a further widening of the income gap. Therefore, while increasing the income of rural households through land circulation, the government should also consider income equity. Finally, this article puts forward the policies and opinions on land reform and provides a brief discussion on the future direction of development.

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