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Institutional & promotional materials
October 2015

This visual-aided manual presents the state-of-the art methodological options for modeling human decision-making in general and in multi-agent system. The options include heuristic, rational, bounded rational and hybrid approaches. Assumptions, rationales and pseudo algorithms for each approach are briefly described.

Policy Papers & Briefs
May 2015
Eastern Africa

The present document consists of the official Agenda for the Options by Context Training, held in Kenya, 25-29 May 2015. The event aimed to:
1. Familiarise all ICRAF DryDev staff with the OxC, R in D and planned comparisons approaches being used.
2. Test and revise processes for implementing the approaches.

Reports & Research
November 2015
Eastern Africa

The workshop, “System Analysis for Rangeland Management in Yabello”, involved multiple stakeholders analyzing the complex factors that affect rangeland condition and management, and considering implications for planning and decision-making around key issues.

Conference Papers & Reports
February 2017
Western Europe

Neighbourhood effects on land use change are very common. Therefore, they are often
included in spatially explicit models of land use change and other spatial analyses. Neighbourhood
indices, however, depend strongly on the spatial extent set for calculating them. So far, most of the

Journal Articles & Books
January 2018
Central Asia

Cropland abandonment is globally widespread and has strong repercussions for regional
food security and the environment. Statistics suggest that one of the hotspots of abandoned cropland
is located in the drylands of the Aral Sea Basin (ASB), which covers parts of post-Soviet Central Asia,

Journal Articles & Books
September 2012
Western Asia

The dry rangelands of West Asia and North Africa are fragile and severely degraded due to low rainfall and mismanagement of natural resources. Rainwater harvesting (RWH) interventions are used to increase soil moisture content, vegetation cover, and productivity. However, adoption of rainwater harvesting by communities is slow.

Reports & Research
September 2019
United Arab Emirates
Syrian Arab Republic
Northern Africa
Southern Asia
Central Asia
Western Asia

ICARDA continued to play a critical role in the development, improvement, and dissemination of climate-resilient crop varieties last year. The varieties strengthened food and nutritional security and provided a critical defense against extreme temperatures, water scarcity, and the emergence of new pests and diseases.

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