Today, more than 476 million Indigenous Peoples, living in more than 90 countries across the world in seven socio-cultural regions, have developed unique territorial management practices that manage to generate food whilst preserving biodiversity. In a world where food security is becoming increasingly unstable , the way Indigenous Peoples grow and consume food holds answers to the wo
Local and indigenous knowledge refers to the understandings, skills and philosophies developed by societies with long histories of interaction with their natural surroundings. For rural and Indigenous Peoples, local knowledge informs decision-making about fundamental aspects of day-to-day life.
The webinar Financial Costs of Mitigating Tenure Risks, organized by the Land Portal Foundation, the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), TMP Systems and the UK’s Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office, will take place on Wednesday, September 22nd, 2021, from 14:30-16:00 CEST (13:30-15:00 BST).
Bhutan is a small landlocked country sandwiched between the two economic powerhouses of India and China. It covers 38,394km2, which is slightly smaller than Switzerland. In 2020, the population stood at 771,612, and even though this figure has tripled since 1960, it is still less than 10% the population of present-day Switzerland. Geographically, the country comprises foothills and high mountainous terrain in the eastern Himalayas. Administratively, it is split into twenty dzongkhag (districts).
Located in northwest Africa, more than three quarters of Mauritania are desert or semi-desert. Only 0.5% of the country’s land is considered useful for agriculture which equals 502,000 ha. Nonetheless, the rural sector is an important pillar of the Mauritanian economy contributing 17% to the GDP and employing 21% of the working population. 62% of the population depend on agriculture, livestock, and fishing for their livelihoods. The country gained independence from France in 1960. Its colonial past is reflected in its legislation that draws on the French Code.
Conflict is a major cause and, in some cases, result of humanitarian crises. Conflict frequently overlaps with underlying social inequalities, poverty and high levels of vulnerability. Conflicts are direct threats to food security as they cause massive loss of life and therefore loss of workforce (which is particularly important, as agriculture tends to rely heavily on human labour), loss of vital livestock, and loss of land. Conflicts displace millions of people each year, often forcing them to flee with nothing and making them extremely reliant on the communities that offer them shelter and humanitarian aid. This can place unsustainable pressure on hosting communities that often face high levels of food insecurity and struggle to make ends meet.
From large land acquisitions that displace communities without due compensation, to the encroachment of mining on indigenous lands, to the brunt of climate change and natural disasters, to everyday land and property deprivation by kin or state, women are typically more harshly impacted by land tenure insecurity due to discriminatory laws and lingering social bias.