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Mostrando ítems 1 a 9 de 4617.
  1. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Diciembre, 2016
    Tailandia, Viet Nam, Camboya, Myanmar, Malasia, Indonesia, Singapur, Filipinas, Brunei Darussalam, Isla de Navidad, Timor-Leste, Islas Cocos (Keeling)

    This report reveals new links between Australia's big four banks and three land grabbing case studies previously documented in Oxfam's 2014 report Banking on Shaky Ground. The new report also provides evidence that, even after Oxfam first alerted the banks to their exposure to land grabs, all four banks committed tens of millions of dollars in loan facilities to the agribusiness firm Cargill. A former subsidiary of Cargill acquired large tracts of land in Colombia’s Altillanura region that had been set aside by law for family farming.

  2. Library Resource
    Enero, 2016

    Drylands make up about 43 percent of the region’s land surface, account for about 75 percent of the area used for agriculture, and are home to about 50 percent of the population, including many poor. Involving complex interactions among many factors, vulnerability in drylands is rising, jeopardizing the livelihood for of millions.

  3. Library Resource
    Enero, 2016

    This paper analyzes the effects of land
    market restrictions on structural change from agriculture to
    non-farm in a rural economy. This paper develops a
    theoretical model that focuses on higher migration costs due
    to restrictions on alienability, and identifies the
    possibility of a reverse structural change where the share
    of nonagricultural employment declines. The reverse
    structural change can occur under plausible conditions: if

  4. Library Resource
    Enero, 2016

    This paper analyzes the effects of land
    market restrictions on the rural labor market outcomes for
    women. The existing literature emphasizes two mechanisms
    through which land restrictions can affect the economic
    outcomes: the collateral value of land, and (in) security of
    property rights. Analysis of this paper focuses on an
    alternative mechanism where land restrictions increase costs
    of migration out of villages. The testable prediction of

  5. Library Resource
    Abril, 2016

    Paralleling the increasing disparities
    in income and wealth worldwide since the 1980s, cities in
    developing countries have witnessed the emergence of a
    growing divergence of lifestyles, particularly within the
    middle classes, reinforced by the widening gap between the
    quality of public and private educational and health care
    institutions, spatial segregation, gated communities, and
    exclusive semiprivate amenities. This erosion of social

  6. Library Resource
    Abril, 2016

    This paper investigates how land size
    measurements vary across three common land measurement
    methods (farmer estimated, Global Positioning System (GPS),
    and compass and rope), and the effect of land size
    measurement error on the inverse farm size relationship and
    input demand functions. The analysis utilizes plot-level
    data from the second wave of the Nigeria General Household
    Survey Panel, as well as a supplementary land validation

  7. Library Resource
    Mayo, 2016

    To appreciate overall impacts of fragmentation, underlying channels, and potential heterogeneity by holding size, we distinguish average fragment size and mean inter-fragment distance as two aspects of this phenomenon. Estimating a cost function with associated input demand equations on a large nationally representative Indian survey, robust to endogeneity, suggests that fragmentation’s main impact is to reduce mean plot size below the threshold for mechanization. Higher inter-fragment distances increase costs for larger holdings, but by a much smaller magnitude.

  8. Library Resource
    Junio, 2016

    Land rights and the systems that
    administer them can vary significantly across the world and
    within countries (World Bank 2003). For a number of reasons,
    land rights may be unclear or insecure. Securing land rights
    plays an important role in driving economic growth and
    poverty reduction. In recent years there has been increasing
    awareness of the relevance of land tenure issues to food
    security, climate change, rapid urbanization, informality,

  9. Library Resource
    Junio, 2016

    As India continues to urbanize and move
    towards a less agricultural- and more industry-based
    economy, land demands will continue to grow. Its urban
    population is expected to increase by more than 200 million
    by 2030, requiring 4 to 8 million hectares of land for
    residential use alone. Demands for infrastructure and
    industry could add a similar amount, summing to total land
    demand of 5 to10 percent of the land area currently used for

  10. Library Resource
    Junio, 2016

    The Nigeria Urbanization Review serves the critical and timely purpose of understanding the challenges and opportunities of urbanization in Nigeria. The country’s rapid urban population growth and expansion is examined in relation to the account of its recent urban economic growth in order to seek for ways to finance urban development, particularly the provision of urban public goods and services. The objective of this analytical program is to provide diagnostic tools to inform policy dialogue and investment priorities on urbanization.

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