World Heritage Convention Act (Act No. 49 of 1999). | Land Portal

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The objectives of this Act are, inter alia, to: (a) provide for, the cultural and environmental protection and sustainable development of, and related activities within, World Heritage Sites; and giving effect to the values of the World Heritage Convention; (b) make the Convention part of South African domestic law and to create a framework to ensure that the Convention and the Operational Guidelines are effectively implemented in the Republic; (c) ensure that everything done in terms of this Act conforms with the obligations of the Republic in terms of the Convention and the Operational Guidelines;(d) ensure that effective and active measures are taken for the protection, conservation and presentation of the cultural and natural heritage of the Republic; (e) encourage investment and innovation in connection with World Heritage Sites; and (f) promote the development of culturally, environmentally and, if applicable, economically sustainable projects in connection with World Heritage Sites (sect. 3). Section 4 outlines the fundamental principles of this Act. Where an existing organ of state is already lawfully managing or involved in a World Heritage Site, the Minister may declare that organ of state to an Authority under this Act. The Minister may also establish new Authorities under section 9.

Implemented by: Establishment of the Greater St. Lucia Wetlands Park and Authority (Notice No. R. 4477 of 2000). (2000-11-24)
Implemented by: Regulations in terms of the World Heritage Convention Act, 1999 in connection with the Greater St. Lucia Wetland Park (Notice No. R. 1193 of 2000). (2000-11-24)
Implemented by: Delegation of powers under the World Heritage Convention Act (Notice No. R. 723 of 2002). (2002-05-24)
Implemented by: Proclamation of the Cape Floral Region Protected Areas as a World Heritage Site and Delegation by the Minister of Certain Powers and Duties to the Director-General of the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (No. 72 of 2009). (2009-01-30)
Implemented by: Proclamation of Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape as a World Heritage Site and Delegation by the Minister of Certain Powers and Duties to South African National Parks (SANPARKS) (No. 71 of 2009). (2009-01-30)

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Government Gazette 20717, Vol 414


Dutch traders landed at the southern tip of modern day South Africa in 1652 and established a stopover point on the spice route between the Netherlands and the Far East, founding the city of Cape Town. After the British seized the Cape of Good Hope area in 1806, many of the Dutch settlers (Afrikaners, called "Boers" (farmers) by the British) trekked north to found their own republics in lands taken from the indigenous black inhabitants. The discovery of diamonds (1867) and gold (1886) spurred wealth and immigration and intensified the subjugation of the native inhabitants.

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