This Act concerns the waiving of any requirements, limitations or regulations relating to the agricultural homesteading program by the Marianas Public Land Corporation.Any person who can demonstrate continuous and actual occupancy or use of public land for agricultural purposes for period of 15 years prior to a specified date or who can demonstrate that he or she would have continuously and actually occupied or used public land for agricultural purposes for a period of 15 years prior to a specified date, shall be legally entitled to all the rights and interest of ownership of such land, and the Marianas Public Land Corporation shall convey such land by deed to any person who complies with procedures and requirements for granting of deeds established under section 4324 of 2 CMC. The Act also concern the granting of agricultural homestead permits to persons that have over a specified period continuously occupied land and used it for agricultural purposes.
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Under US administration as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific, the people of the Northern Mariana Islands decided in the 1970s not to seek independence but instead to forge closer links with the US. Negotiations for territorial status began in 1972. A covenant to establish a commonwealth in political union with the US was approved in 1975, and came into force on 24 March 1976. A new government and constitution went into effect in 1978.
The Northern Mariana Islands are a presidential democracy and are part of the commonwealth in political union with the US.