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Resultados de la búsqueda

Mostrando ítems 1 a 9 de 3004.
  1. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Febrero, 2011
    Islas Salomón, Asia oriental, Oceanía

    In countries where a large proportion of the total land area is held customarily, reform questions around land and development often tend to focus on the customary estate. Evidence from Solomon Islands suggests that a focus on public land holdings, even when they are relatively small in land area, can yield outsized benefits. Publicly owned land regularly includes economically valuable land and urban land on which development pressure is high. In Solomon Islands, as much as 10 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) may be affected by how effectively urban public land is governed.

  2. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Abril, 2010
    Islas Salomón, Asia oriental, Oceanía

    This paper provides a brief overview of the intersection of state and customary laws governing land in peri-urban settlements around Honiara, focusing on their impact upon landowners, particularly women landowners. It suggests that the intersection of customary and state legal systems allows a small number of individuals, predominantly men, to solidify their control over customary land. This has occurred to the detriment of many landowners, who have often found themselves excluded from both decision-making processes and the distribution of financial benefits from the use of land.

  3. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Recursos y herramientas de capacitación
    Diciembre, 2013
    Mongolia, Asia oriental, Oceanía

    Ulaanbaatar's (UB) population has swollen from half a million in 2001 to approximately 1.2 million in 2011, accounting for over 40 percent of the country's population. This trend is likely to continue as economic growth is increasingly concentrated in UB. With its growing population and concerns in rising inequality, the city is facing increasing pressure to maintain and expand service provision (especially infrastructure). The local tax on wages is expected to continue to provide substantial revenues to the UB government, which will assist the growing demand for services.

  4. Library Resource
    Artículos de revistas y libros
    Febrero, 2012
    África subsahariana, América central, América del Sur, Asia oriental, Caribe, Oceanía, Asia meridional

    Today, 370 million people live in cities in earthquake prone areas and 310 million in cities with a high probability of tropical cyclones. By 2050 these numbers are likely to more than double, leading to a greater concentration of hazard risk in many of the world's cities. The authors discuss what sets hazard risk in urban areas apart, summarize estimates of valuation of hazard risk, and discuss implications for individual mitigation and public policy.

  5. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Mayo, 2014
    Estados Unidos de América, China, México, Oceanía, América Latina y el Caribe, Asia oriental

    The trend toward ever greater urbanization continues unabated across the globe. According to the United Nations, by 2025 closes to 5 billion people will live in urban areas. Many cities, especially in the developing world, are set to explode in size. Over the next decade and a half, Lagos is expected to increase its population 50 percent, to nearly 16 million. Naturally, there is an active debate on whether restricting the growth of megacities is desirable and whether doing so can make residents of those cities and their countries better off.

  6. Library Resource
    Informes e investigaciones
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Mayo, 2014
    Asia oriental, Oceanía

    Urbanization deserves urgent attention from policy makers, academics, entrepreneurs, and social reformers of all stripes. Nothing else will create as many opportunities for social and economic progress. The urbanization project began roughly 1,000 years after the transition from the Pleistocene to the milder and more stable Holocene interglacial. In 2010, the urban population in developing countries stood at 2.5 billion. The developing world can accommodate the urban population growth and declining urban density in many ways.

  7. Library Resource

    Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance

    Informes e investigaciones
    Recursos y herramientas de capacitación
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Febrero, 2015
    Islas Salomón, Asia oriental, Oceanía

    This report aims to build understanding of the existing disaster risk financing and insurance (DRFI) tools in use in the Solomon Islands and to identify gaps where engagement could further develop financial resilience. It also aims to encourage peer exchange of regional knowledge, specifically by encouraging dialogue on past experiences, lessons learned, optimal use of these financial tools, and the effect these tools may have on the execution of post-disaster funds.

  8. Library Resource

    Focus on China and Africa

    Informes e investigaciones
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Abril, 2015
    China, África, Asia oriental, Oceanía

    This study briefly summarizes the development experiences of special economic zones in China and Africa, the lessons that Africa can learn from China, and the preliminary results of the Chinese investments in special economic zones in Africa. The study makes recommendations on how to unleash the power of special economic zones and industrial zones in Africa through strategically leveraging the Chinese experiences.

  9. Library Resource

    Overview of a Cambodian Seed Sector

    Informes e investigaciones
    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Mayo, 2011
    Camboya, Asia oriental, Oceanía

    The use of quality seed is a major component of increased yields in crop production. Quality seed and seed programs in a country does not emerge by happenstance; it is created by a combination of many factors that include variety development, seed production, quality control, processing, marketing, and governmental oversight. As the seed sector in a country matures, each of these factors becomes more important and plays a more important role in the growth of the agricultural sector. The seed program in Cambodia is interestingly different from that in many other developing countries.

  10. Library Resource

    Household-Level Evidence from the Chengdu National Experiment

    Documentos de política y resúmenes
    Agosto, 2015
    China, Asia oriental, Oceanía

    As part of a national experiment in 2008, Chengdu prefecture implemented ambitious property rights reforms, including complete registration of all land together with measures to ease transferability and eliminate migration restrictions. A triple difference approach using the Statistics Bureau’s regular household panel suggests that the reforms increased consumption and income, especially for less wealthy and less educated households, with estimated benefits well above the cost of implementation.

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