Land and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) | Land Portal

UN member States endorsed the 2030 Agenda and committed to implement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a set of 17 Global Goals, in a 15-year period. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development contains land-related targets and indicators under SDGs 1, 2, 5, 11 and 15.  Many land organizations and stakeholders are committed to fully implementing the SDGs and to monitoring the land-related indicators in order to promote responsible land governance.  Land is a significant resource, both cross-cutting and critical to achieving the SDGs.

Learn more about this initiative.

Discover the eight targets and twelve indicators related to land:

Target
1.4

By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance

Indicator
1.4.2

Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure

Target
2.3

By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment

Indicator
2.3.1

Volume of production per labour unit by classes of farming/pastoral/forestry enterprise size

Indicator
2.3.2

Average income of small-scale food producers, by sex and indigenous status

Target
2.4

By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality

Indicator
2.4.1

Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture

Target
5.a

Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws

Indicator
5.a.1

(a) Proportion of total agricultural population with ownership or secure rights over agricultural land, by sex; (b) share of women among owners or rights-bearers of agricultural land, by type of tenure

Indicator
5.a.2

Proportion of countries where the legal framework (including customary law) guarantees women’s equal rights to land ownership and/or control

Target
11.1

By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums

Indicator
11.1.1

Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing

Target
11.3

By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries

Indicator
11.3.1

Ratio of land consumption rate to population growth rate

Target
11.7

By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities

Indicator
11.7.1

Average share of the built-up area of cities that is open space for public use for all, by sex, age and persons with disabilities

Target
15.1

By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements

Indicator
15.1.1

Forest area as a proportion of total land area

Indicator
15.1.2

Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type

Target
15.3

By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world

Indicator
15.3.1

Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area

Land-related SDG timeline

Track important decisions for each indicator, from conception through to upcoming decision meetings. Zoom in and out and swipe left and right to see details.

News and Blogs

27 Febrero 2019
Brasil

It’s now been over 10 years since countries around the world started to work on the international policy framework known by reference as the acronym REDD+, which stands for ‘reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, conservation and sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks.’

EGM to develop essential survey questions for monitoring indicator 1.4.2 organized by UN-Habitat, World Bank and GLII- May 2017. Photo credit - GLTN/UN-Habitat.
20 Febrero 2019
Authors: 
Robert Ndugwa
Everlyne Nairesiae
Global

The inclusion of Sustainable Development Goal 1.4.2 and other land related indicators in the 2030 agenda remain a key achievement for global monitoring of land rights. However, such an achievement will only remain fruitful if we, as a global community, invest appropriately in the capacities and systems that are needed to activate the global reporting on these indicators at scale and in all countries. 

14 Febrero 2019
África
Côte d'Ivoire

Sougue Kadjatou is a 45-year-old farmer who lives with her husband and two children in Agboville, a village in Côte d’Ivoire. Her cocoa plantation, where she works every day from morning until early afternoon, is a forty minute walk from the village. “I’m glad they told me to plant banana and timber trees in my cocoa plantation,” she says. “It’s good to plant various trees.

12 Febrero 2019
Sierra Leona

Millions of peasant farmers in the rural areas of Sierra Leone do not own land of their own but have to rent from land owning families. Added to their poverty is the fact that they depend on Shylock money lenders to secure seeds and capital for their farming activities.

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