Land and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) | Land Portal | Securing Land Rights Through Open Data

UN member States endorsed the 2030 Agenda and committed to implement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a set of 17 Global Goals, in a 15-year period. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development contains land-related targets and indicators under SDGs 1, 2, 5, 11 and 15.  Many land organizations and stakeholders are committed to fully implementing the SDGs and to monitoring the land-related indicators in order to promote responsible land governance.  Land is a significant resource, both cross-cutting and critical to achieving the SDGs.

Learn more about this initiative.

Discover the eight targets and twelve indicators related to land:

Target
1.4

By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance

Indicator
1.4.2

Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure

Target
2.3

By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment

Indicator
2.3.1

Volume of production per labour unit by classes of farming/pastoral/forestry enterprise size

Indicator
2.3.2

Average income of small-scale food producers, by sex and indigenous status

Target
2.4

By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality

Indicator
2.4.1

Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture

Target
5.a

Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws

Indicator
5.a.1

(a) Proportion of total agricultural population with ownership or secure rights over agricultural land, by sex; (b) share of women among owners or rights-bearers of agricultural land, by type of tenure

Indicator
5.a.2

Proportion of countries where the legal framework (including customary law) guarantees women’s equal rights to land ownership and/or control

Target
11.1

By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums

Indicator
11.1.1

Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing

Target
11.3

By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries

Indicator
11.3.1

Ratio of land consumption rate to population growth rate

Target
11.7

By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities

Indicator
11.7.1

Average share of the built-up area of cities that is open space for public use for all, by sex, age and persons with disabilities

Target
15.1

By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements

Indicator
15.1.1

Forest area as a proportion of total land area

Indicator
15.1.2

Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type

Target
15.3

By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world

Indicator
15.3.1

Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area

Land-related SDG timeline

Track important decisions for each indicator, from conception through to upcoming decision meetings. Zoom in and out and swipe left and right to see details.

News and Blogs

globallandscapeforum
23 June 2019

Location

Bonn
Germany
DE
Global

This session will build on and contribute to the panel discussion “Challenges in implementing a rights-based approach for sustainable management and restoration of landscapes and forests”. It will include short face-to-face discussions with guest speakers from the panel discussion, engagi

Organizations: 
Land Portal Foundation
GIZ
climatechange_CCSI
27 September 2019

Location

Ford Foundation Center for Social Justice
320 East 43rd Street
New York City
United States
US
Global

On September 27th, the Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment (CCSI), Sabin Center for Climate Change Law, Landesa, and Wake Forest Law School will be hosting a day-long conference on the intersection between land use, the climate crisis and clean energy transition, and human rights.

Organizations: 
Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment
WFD-2019-cover
16 October 2019

Location

Rome
Italy
IT
Global

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) designated 16 October World Food Day in 1979. The Day has been celebrated annually since 1981.

Organizations: 
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Forest_Tenure
5 June 2019
Authors: 
Marcello De Maria
Romy Sato
Global

The ‘age of ignorance’

For a long time land governance, land tenure and land rights remained in the ‘age of ignorance’.  We have known for some time that land governance is a key ingredient for social, economic and environmental development; what was missing, however, was the data.  With the little information available to us at the time, we set priorities and crafted interventions for our course of work. Relying on a few rough figures meant that we were often repeating mantras and slogans based on loose, rather than on hard and reliable facts.  Most notable among these was the often repeated and now widely disputed, “women own 2% of the world’s land”.

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