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A unified Thai kingdom was established in the mid-14th century. Known as Siam until 1939, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been colonized by a European power. A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy. In alliance with Japan during World War II, Thailand became a US treaty ally in 1954 after sending troops to Korea and later fighting alongside the US in Vietnam. Thailand since 2005 has experienced several rounds of political turmoil including a military coup in 2006 that ousted then Prime Minister THAKSIN Chinnawat, followed by large-scale street protests by competing political factions in 2008, 2009, and 2010. THAKSIN's youngest sister, YINGLAK Chinnawat, in 2011 led the Puea Thai Party to an electoral win and assumed control of the government. A blanket amnesty bill for individuals involved in street protests, altered at the last minute to include all political crimes - including all convictions against THAKSIN - triggered months of large-scale anti-government protests in Bangkok beginning in November 2013. In early May 2014 YINGLAK was removed from office by the Constitutional Court and in late May 2014 the Royal Thai Army staged a coup against the caretaker government. Then head of the Royal Thai Army, Gen. PRAYUT Chan-ocha, was appointed prime minister in August 2014. The interim military government created several interim institutions to promote reform and draft a new constitution. Elections are tentatively set for mid-2017. King PHUMIPHON Adunyadet passed away in October 2016 after 70 years on the throne; his only son, WACHIRALONGKON Bodinthrathepphayawarangkun, ascended the throne in December 2016. Thailand has also experienced violence associated with the ethno-nationalist insurgency in its southern Malay-Muslim majority provinces. Since January 2004, thousands have been killed and wounded in the insurgency.

Thailand is a constitutional monarchy.

Source: CIA World Factbook

Government of Thailand Resources

Exibindo 41 - 50 de 105
Library Resource
Artigos e Livros
Maio, 2018
Itália, Honduras, Estados Unidos, Nicarágua, Madagáscar, Colômbia, Indonésia, Equador, Jamaica, Países Baixos, Congo, Venezuela, Costa Rica, Montenegro, Brasil

La dificultad de definir y cuantificar la degradación de bosques es una limitación importante para que la mayoría de los países en desarrollo incluyan compromisos de reducción de emisiones por degradación en el contexto del enfoque de Reducción de Emisiones por Deforestación y Degradación de Bosques (REDD+), que abarca además, el aumento de las Reservas de Carbono, la conservación de Bosques y el Manejo Sostenible de los estos ecosisetemas.

Library Resource
Artigos e Livros
Maio, 2018
Estados Unidos, Nicarágua, Chile, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Colômbia, Nova Zelândia

Esta guía fue realizada por solicitud del Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible de Colombia, en respuesta a los crecientes problemas de degradación del suelo. Su objetivo es proporcionar buenas prácticas para la conservación, el uso sostenible y la protección de los suelos en las zonas rurales del país. Es una herramienta para orientar a los actores relacionados con el uso del suelo en el diseño e implementación de planes y prácticas de manejo sostenible.

Library Resource
Artigos e Livros
Abril, 2018
Moçambique, Filipinas, África do Sul, Singapura, Malásia, Japão, Tailândia, Cambodja, China, Zimbabwe, Indonésia, Gana, Índia, República da Coreia, Colômbia, Brasil, Cuba, Ásia

This study draws on some case studies of land reforms in different South Asian countries. These reforms came on the national and international agenda in a major way in the post- World-War II period and were led by the transition theory, requiring agriculture to provide both surplus and labor for the growth of a modern industrial economy and leading to focus on efficiency in agricultural production (which would release resources -capital and labor- for investment in the modern industrial sector), rather than on distribution.

Library Resource
Materiais institucionais e promocionais
Março, 2018
Bangladesh, Nigéria, Peru, Gana, Etiópia, Níger, Malawi, Honduras, Uganda, Tanzânia, Equador, Cambodja, Paraguai, Burkina Faso, Iraque, Burúndi, Nepal, Nicarágua, Tajiquistão, Haiti, México, Vietnam

For rural women and men, land is often the most important household asset for supporting agricultural production and providing food security and nutrition. Evidence shows that secure land tenure is strongly associated with higher levels of investment and productivity in agriculture – and therefore with higher incomes and greater economic wellbeing. Secure land rights for women are often correlated with better outcomes for them and their families, including greater bargaining power at household and community levels, better child nutrition and lower levels of gender-based violence.

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