This past December marked seven years since the start of the Arab Spring, one of the most “viral” revolutions of our time. In a matter of months, uprisings spread quickly from Tunisia to Yemen and changed the landscape of the region. While the causes and effects of the Arab Spring have been the subject of thorough analysis over the years, the revolutions emerged so quickly and with such force, in part, because of very palpable, muffled disillusionment.
Le pastoralisme contribue de manière prépondérante à l’économie et à l’écologie des zones arides et semi-arides qui couvrent plus de 40% des terres émergées de la planète. L’activité pastorale pratiquée par les sociétés d’éleveurs sur une grande diversité de milieux et d’espèces, contribue notoirement à la sécurité alimentaire et aux moyens de vie de millions de ruraux.
COMUNICADO DO CONSELHO DE MINISTROS DE 8 DE JUNHO DE 2017
1. O Conselho de Ministros aprovou hoje a resolução que estabelece as regras para se proceder, até 2020, à remoção de materiais contendo amianto nos edifícios onde se prestam serviços públicos.
Determina, ainda, que sejam efetuadas candidaturas ao Banco Europeu de Investimentos e ao Banco de Desenvolvimento do Conselho da Europa, de forma a financiar o programa.
Peru shares the main land-related problems of several South American countries: the existence of very large landholdings (latifundios), on the one hand, and small landholdings (minifundios), on the other, in historical processes marked by the interests of actors such as landowners, agro-industrialists, peasants, and indigenous communities. However, unlike some neighboring countries, the dynamics of these elements are different due to a series of particular agricultural policies and their respective results, which have placed Peru as one of the main producers and exporters of agricultural crops in the region.
Despite the achievement of Constitutional democracy in 1994, 'the land question' is at the heart of South Africa's struggles to overcome the cumulative legacies of nearly 350 years of white minority rule. The emotive quality of land policies evokes painful legacies fuelled by disappointments with the official land reform programme ushered in by the new Constitution of 1996. There is broad agreement that land reform programmes have not fulfilled their aims to significantly redistribute land and productive agrarian capacity, strengthen land tenure for the majority, and settle the restitution claims of victims of land dispossession.
UN member States endorsed the 2030 Agenda and committed to implement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a set of 17 Global Goals, in a 15-year period. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development contains land-related targets and indicators under SDGs 1, 2, 5, 11 and 15.
Climate change can destabilize existing land and resource governance institutions and associated property rights across the spectrum of landscape types. Transformed climatic conditions, manifested in either rapid-onset or slow-onset ways, can change how land and natural resources are accessed and used as geographical shifts in resource productivity, resource scarcity, and therefore land use patterns occur.