Located in southern Africa, Botswana is a large, mineral rich, yet sparsely populated, semi-arid and land-locked country of 560,877 sq. km in size. Botswana gained independence from Britain in 1966. The population was estimated to be 2.3 million people in 2019. Botswana is widely regarded as an economic and social success story. However, levels of unemployment and social inequality remain high, as economic benefits and resource rich land are inequitably distributed.