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Map of Ecuador


The problems associated with land tenure in Ecuador are long-standing and have been characterized by the relationship between access, use and ownership of land, and by the problems of peasant and indigenous families and communities. These problems are also characterized by the direct and visible relationship with sectors that own large amounts of land, have access to the country’s political and economic power, and define what is necessary for the countryside, its problems, its agendas and its development policies. This relationship has influenced legislative agenda of recent years, leading to the design of a new land law that reflects the proposals of power groups in government and the current state discourse.
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Besides the right to property, the 2008 Constitution includes several unique rights that affect land governance, such as food sovereignty as priority axis of public and agricultural policies, the rights of nature, and the rights to the Buen Vivir (good living).