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Fit-For-Purpose Upscaling Land Administration—A Case Study from Benin

Peer-reviewed publication
Diciembre, 2020
Benin

The government of Benin in 2013 decided upon a centralized land administration, with the purpose of recording the entire national territory in one land administration system to promote durable economic development by increasing legal certainty in real estate transactions. This is a major challenge, given that currently, of the estimated 5 million cadastral parcels, less than 60,000 parcels have a land title and are registered in the national land administration agency’s central database.

The Demsetz’s Evolutionary Theory of Property Rights as Applied to Rural Land of China: A Supplement

Peer-reviewed publication
Diciembre, 2020
China

The main objective of this article is to contribute to the literature on land issues, especially with regard to the evolutionary theory of China’s rural land property rights. This article applies the Demsetz’s evolutionary theory of property rights as a framework into an analysis of the evolutionary process of property rights in rural land of China.

Transparency in Land Title Registration: Strategies to Eradicate Corruption in Africa Land Sector

Peer-reviewed publication
Noviembre, 2020
África

Land titles registration is germane to providing proof of individual ownership of land. In recognition of its importance in enhancing property rights, efforts at improving land title registration has increased significantly. Generally, the most vital areas vulnerable to corruption in Africa land sector are land administration, customary land tenure, management of state-owned land, land use planning, family land inheritance, conversion of land use, investments for both present period and speculative purpose among others.

When Tradition Meets Modernity in Land Registration: Evidence from Dagbon, Ghana

Peer-reviewed publication
Octubre, 2020
Central African Republic
Ghana
Norway

Development practice over recent years in much of Africa prioritized formalization of land policies deemed to enhance better handling and use of land as an asset for social development. Following this trend, land reform policy in Ghana was based on a pluralistic legal system in which both the customary land tenure system and the statutory system of land ownership and control co-exist by law. The primary research question for this study was the following: What implications emerge when customary land tenure system and the statutory system of land ownership and control co-exist in law?

A Blockchain-based Land Title Management System for Bangladesh

Peer-reviewed publication
Septiembre, 2020
Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a small country with a large population. Its increasingly developing economy further makes land a lucrative source of fixed capital. On the other hand, land titling is a cumbersome and lengthy process, where different government bodies process different sets of documents, and bureaucratic loopholes encourage fraudulent activities by organized people. As a result, the current model suffers from good governance.

Droits de propriété foncière des communautés locales et populations autochtones en République du Congo

Reports & Research
Junio, 2020
Congo

Ce rapport présente et analyse les dispositions internationales et nationales encadrant les droits de propriété foncière des communautés locales et populations autochtones en République du Congo.

Il s'agit d'un document à but éducatif visant à améliorer l'accès et la compréhension des lois congolaises.

Pressions, tensions et refoulements autour de la certification foncière : dynamiques régionales dans les projets pilotes de certification en Côte d’Ivoire

Journal Articles & Books
Abril, 2020
Côte d'Ivoire

Cet article analyse l’histoire de la Côte d’Ivoire en matière de certification des terres de 2004 à 2017, en passant au crible les variables de l’économie politique qui causent des frictions et ralentissent les programmes d’enregistrement des droits fonciers dans les pays africains. Sont ainsi identifiées les inégalités régionales, les inégalités sociales, et les différences régionales dans les institutions foncières préexistantes comme des facteurs qui entravent la réforme foncière.

Transparency in Land Title Registration: Strategies to Eradicate Corruption in Africa Land Sector

Peer-reviewed publication
Abril, 2020
Africa

Land titles registration is germane to providing proof of individual ownership of land. In recognition of its importance in enhancing property rights, efforts at improving land title registration has increased significantly. Generally, the most vital areas vulnerable to corruption in Africa land sector are land administration, customary land tenure, management of state-owned land, land use planning, family land inheritance, conversion of land use, investments for both present period and speculative purpose among others.

Land consolidation as technical change: Economic impacts in rural Vietnam

Journal Articles & Books
Febrero, 2020
Viet Nam

This paper deepens the economic analysis of the effects of land consolidation – reduction of land fragmentation. It does this in the context of rural Vietnam, studying whether land consolidation promotes or hinders the Vietnamese government's policy objectives of encouraging agricultural mechanization and stimulating the off-farm rural economy. The analysis views land consolidation as a form of technical change, making it possible to apply the rich insights developed in the economic literature on that subject.

Linking land tenure security with food security: Unpacking farm households’ perceptions and strategies in the rural uplands of Laos

Journal Articles & Books
Enero, 2020
Laos

Land tenure, or access and rights to land, is essential to sustain people’s livelihoods. This paper looks at how farm households perceive land tenure (in)security in relation to food (in)security, and how these perceptions evolve throughout different policy periods in Laos. The paper highlights the centrality of farmers’ strategies in configuring the dynamic relationships between tenure (in)security and food (in)security, by demonstrating how farmers’ perceived and de facto land tenure insecurity shapes their decisions to diversify livelihood options to ensure food security.

Webinar Report: The Role of Land Certification in Securing Women's Land Rights on Collective Lands

Reports & Research
Diciembre, 2019
Ethiopia
Uganda
Peru
Indonesia

Evidence shows that women can benefit from having individualised land rights formalized in their names. However, similar evidence is not available for formalization of land rights that are based on collective tenure. Studies have estimated that as much as 65 percent of the world’s land is held under customary, collective-tenure systems. Improving tenure security for land held collectively has been shown to improve resource management and to support self-determination of indigenous groups.

Hoja Informativa N.º 5. Deforestación en comunidades nativas (CCNN): la necesidad de entender el contexto

Institutional & promotional materials
Diciembre, 2019
South America
Peru

Esta hoja informativa presenta resultados cuantitativos y cualitativos sobre la deforestación en las comunidades nativas, así como mapas detallados sobre la deforestación entre 2001 y 2015 y sus posibles causas en las más de 1300 CCNN tituladas. También realiza un análisis a partir de la región, el pueblo indígena, la densidad poblacional, los años de ocupación del lugar y la distancia de carreteras. Se presentan detalles sobre las 10 CCNN más y menos deforestadas, sobre todo en San Martín y Ucayali, las regiones de trabajo del proyecto ProTierras Comunales (PTC).