The Land Code (115 articles) is divided into 16 sections: General Provisions (1), Rights and obligations of proprietors (2), Farmland (3), Landownership, landholding and land use (4), Land of settlements (5), Land for industry, transportation, communication and other purposes (6), Land in sub-urban and green zones (7), Land of forest, water bodies and the land reserve (8), Damages (9), Land protection (10), Monitoring the use and protection of land (11), State land records (12), Land management (13), Settlement of disputes (14), Accountability (15) and International treaties (16).The Code of the Azerbaijan Republic is a land reform law that provides the legal basis for the distribution of land rights and for the protection and conservation of the land resources. The Code states its aims in article 2: protecting the land rights of individuals, enterprises, institutions and organizations, creating conditions for optimum land use and conservation, restoring and improving soil fertility, preserving and improving the environment, ensuring the optimum development of varied forms of economic activity on the land through the introduction of diverse forms of landownership and strengthening the legality in the area of regulation of land relations. The Code thus seeks to overturn the system of State ownership of land, the regime under the former USSR.The Code recognizes diverse forms of landownership -state, private and collective- and states the entities that may be owners of land: the state, individuals, kolkhozes and the collectives of other agricultural cooperatives and joint stock companies (art. 4). It further classifies the land resources into the following categories according to its purpose: 1) land for farming, 2) land in settlements, 3) land for industry, transportation, communication, defence and other purposes, 4) land for natural conservation, health, recreation and for historical and cultural purposes, 5) land for forests, 6) land occupied by water resources, and 7) the land reserve (art. 5).
Implemented by: Ministerial Decree No. 79 on approval of rules regarding permit for process engineering and agricultural activities in lands affected by exogenous processes. (2000-05-01)
Implemented by: Ministerial Decree No. 79 on approval of general principles and procedures of land zoning. (2000-05-01)
Implemented by: Ministerial Decree No. 79 on approval of rules regarding conservation, recovery and use of lands affected by radioactive and chemical contamination. (2000-05-01)
Implemented by: Ministerial Decree No.63 of 1997 regarding validation of the Regulation on the modalities of use of the plots of land on which privatized state enterprises and objects are situated. (1997-06-17)
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