Land Act. | Land Portal

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This Act provides for recognition and protection of titles in land, administration of land, use of land for public purposes, the land court and adjudication and various other matters relating to land.The Act consists of 170 sections divided into 10 Parts: General (I); Administration (II); Hereditary estates (III); Tax and town allotments (IV); Tongan leases (V); Mortgages (VI); The Foreshore (VII); Registration of title (VIII); Land for public purposes (IX); The Land Court (X).Section 3 declares all land of Tonga to be property of the Crown. Interests of holders in allotments and estates are life interests and estates are hereditary according to prescribed conditions. Section 7 and Part IV concern the grant of land to Tongans. Section 19 sets out powers of the Minister of Lands. Part V concerns grant of lease of land to Tongans that do not hold a tax allotment. Land shall be registered by the Minister. Crown land shall be reserved for public purposes in accordance with section 138. There is established a Land Court under section 144. (Completed by 13 Schedules)

Implemented by: Land Court Rules 1991. (2005-12-31)
Amended by: Land (Amendment) Act 1993 (Act No. 18 of 1993). (1994-01-03)
Amended by: Land (Amendment) Act 1997 (Act No. 3 of 1997). (1997-06-17)
Amended by: Land (Amendment) Act (No. 18 of 1991). (1992-02-04)
Amended by: Land (Amendment) Act (No 23 of 1991). (1992-02-04)
Amended by: Land (Amendment) Act (No 13 of 1990). (1990-08-08)
Amended by: Land (Amendment) Act 1999 (No. 8 of 1999). (1999-07-01)
Amended by: Land (Amendment) Act 1999 (No. 19 of 1999). (1999-12-14)
Amended by: Land (Amendment) Act 2002 (No. 16 of 2002). (2002-12-20)
Amended by: Land (Amendment) Act 2013 (No. 1 of 2013). (2013-04-23)

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Multiple waves of colonizers, each speaking a distinct language, migrated to the New Hebrides in the millennia preceding European exploration in the 18th century. This settlement pattern accounts for the complex linguistic diversity found on the archipelago to this day. The British and French, who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century, agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence in 1980, when the new name of Vanuatu was adopted.

Vanuatu is a parliamentary republic.

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