Land Use Act 1978. | Land Portal

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This Act vests all land comprised in the territory of each State in the Federation in the Governor of that State and requires that such land shall be held in trust and administered for the use and common benefit of all Nigerians in accordance with the provisions of this Act. In each State a Land Use and Allocation Committee shall be established. Such committee shall be responsible for advising the Governor on land management and resettlement issues. The Governor may declare urban areas and land controlled by the military shall be administered separately. The Governor may, in respect of land, whether or not in an urban areas, grant statutory rights of occupancy to any person for all purposes and grant easements appurtenant to statutory rights occupancy. The Governor may waive all or any of the covenant or conditions applying to a right of occupancy. The local government may grant rights of customary occupancy in respect of land to be used for agricultural purposes. The Act further defines rights and duties of occupants and regulates the determination and payment of rents, the alienation and surrender of rights of occupancy, revocation of rights of occupancy and compensation therefore and some other matters of miscellaneous character. It shall be lawful for the Governor to revoke a right of (customary) occupancy for overriding public interest.

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Rudolph Hupperts (CONSLEGB)


British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy. After independence in 1960, politics were marked by coups and mostly military rule, until the death of a military head of state in 1998 allowed for a political transition. In 1999, a new constitution was adopted and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed.

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