This Act establishes the Bumbuna Watershed Management Authority and constitutes the Bumbuna Conservation Area.The object for which the Authority is established is to promote sustainable land use practices and environmental management in the Bumbuna Watershed, to protect the flora and fauna in the Bumbuna Conservation Area and to protect the Bumbuna reservoir.The Authority shall be a body corporate and be managed by a Board. The functions of the Authority shall include: (a) development and implementation of develop the Bumbuna Watershed Management and Conservation Strategy and Action Plan to address water, land use and agricultural issues and to mitigate negative impacts on wildlife, vegetation and aquatic ecology; (b) management of the Bumbuna Conservation Area in line with national conservation policies; (c) preparation of a detailed inventory and mapping of fauna and flora; and (d) establishment of a detailed biodiversity monitoring programme.The Minister responsible for land shall constitute the Bumbuna Conservation Area. The Authority may by statutory instrument make Regulations as it considers necessary or expedient for giving effect to the provisions of this Act.
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The British set up a trading post near present-day Freetown in the 17th century. Originally the trade involved timber and ivory, but later it expanded into slaves. Following the American Revolution, a colony was established in 1787 and Sierra Leone became a destination for resettling black loyalists who had originally been resettled in Nova Scotia. After the abolition of the slave trade in 1807, British crews delivered thousands of Africans liberated from illegal slave ships to Sierra Leone, particularly Freetown.