This Law regulates basic legal relations in the sphere of setting up Kolkhida protected areas and management thereof, including management of land areas, forested areas, waterbodies and objects of cultural heritage. The scope of the law shall be as follows: (a) to ensure setting up Kolkhida protected areas; (b) regulation of the management mechanism of protected areas; (c) assistance in protection and restoration of natural ecosystems and wetlands; (d) ensure protection and conservation of biological diversity and, in particular, protected and endangered animal and plant species; and (e) promotion of sustainable development and tourism, educational and scientific research programs.
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Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia, located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. After a brief period of independence following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Georgia was occupied by Soviet Russia in 1921, becoming the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic and part of the Soviet Union. After independence in 1991, post-communist Georgia suffered from civil unrest and economic crisis for most of the 1990s. This lasted until the Rose Revolution of 2003, after which the new government introduced democratic and economic reforms.