This comprehensive basic enactment deals with various matters related to agriculture, rural development, agricultural research and environmental protection. It concerns in particular farmland potection, promotion of agricultural trade and certification of organic products.The Secretary of Agriculture shall, by regulation, establish a voluntary program, to be known as the "Integrated Farm Management Program Option" designed to assist producers of agricultural commodities in adopting integrated, multiyear, site-specific farm management plans by reducing farm program barriers to resource stewardship practices and systems. The Act promotes a national farmland protection effort to preserve our vital farmland resources for future generations. The Secretary shall establish an Agricultural Council on Environmental Quality in the Department of Agriculture. There is also established in the Department the biotechnology and agricultural trade program. he purpose of the program shall be to remove, resolve, or mitigate significant regulatory nontariff barriers to the export of United States agricultural commodities (as defined in section 102 of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5602)) into foreign markets through public and private sector projects funded by grants that address— (1) quick response intervention regarding nontariff barriers to United States exports involving— (A) United States agricultural commodities produced through biotechnology; (B) food safety; (C) disease; or (D) other sanitary or phytosanitary concerns.A National Genetic Resources Program shall provide for the collection, preservation, and dissemination of genetic material of importance to American food and agriculture production.
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Britain's American colonies broke with the mother country in 1776 and were recognized as the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the 19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded across the North American continent and acquired a number of overseas possessions.