This Act adds a new Chapter to the Liberian Code to create the Liberian Land Authority. The Authority shall be a body corporate and shall be governed by a Commission. The primary mandate of the Authority is to develop policies on a continuous basis, undertake actions and implement programs for land governance. The Authority shall, among other things, hold and manage all public and unallocated lands in Liberia, make a land inventory, sell or otherwise alienate public land, allocate land for conservation purposes (protected areas), promote development of land use plans, adjudicate land disputes, regulate land mapping and survey, and administer land registration systems. There shall also be a National Consultative Forum to discuss affairs of the Authority. The Authority shall have departments, each governed by a Commissioner. The Act also provides for the establishment of county land governance structures and Community Land Management and Development Associations.
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Settlement of freed slaves from the US in what is today Liberia began in 1822; by 1847, the Americo-Liberians were able to establish a republic. William TUBMAN, president from 1944-71, did much to promote foreign investment and to bridge the economic, social, and political gaps between the descendants of the original settlers and the inhabitants of the interior. In 1980, a military coup led by Samuel DOE ushered in a decade of authoritarian rule. In December 1989, Charles TAYLOR launched a rebellion against DOE's regime that led to a prolonged civil war in which DOE was killed.