Economics of Land Degradation Initiative | Land Portal
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EDL Initiative
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+49 228 4460-3740


ELD Initiative Secretariat
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The Economics of Land Degradation (ELD) Initiative is an initiative on the economic benefits of land and land based ecosystems. The initiative highlights the value of sustainable land management and provides a global approach for analysis of the economics of land degradation. It aims to make economics of land degradation an integral part of policy strategies and decision making by increasing the political and public awareness of the costs and benefits of land and land-based ecosystems.

Our Vision

The partners’ vision of Economics of Land Degradation (ELD) Initiative is to transform global understanding of the value of land and create awareness of the economic case for sustainable land management that prevents loss of natural capital, secures livelihoods, preserves ecosystem services, combats climate change, and addresses food, energy, and water security, and to create capacity for the utilisation of economic information for sustainable land management.

Mission Statement

The central purpose and role of the Economics of Land Degradation (ELD) Initiative is that through an open inter-disciplinary partnership:


  • We work on the basis of a holistic framework built upon a recognized methodology to include the economic benefits of sustainable land management in political decision-making;


  • We build a compelling economic case for the benefits derived from sustainable land management from the local to the global level while applying a multi-level approach;


  • We estimate quantitatively the economic benefits derived from adopting sustainable land management practices and compare them to the costs of these practices;


  • We develop the capacities of decision-makers and land users through innovative formats to adapt and build their knowledge into national frameworks and action on the ground;


  • We stimulate the transformation towards land uses that provide fulfilling and secure livelihoods to all while growing natural capital, enhancing ecosystem services, boosting resilience and combating climate change;


  • We increase the awareness of the total value of land with its related ecosystem services;


  • We mainstream the full benefits of land in international and national land use strategies and action programmes by proposing effective solutions, tailored to country- or region-specific needs, including policies, and activities to reduce land degradation, mitigate climate change and the loss of biodiversity, and deliver food, energy, and water security worldwide.

Economics of Land Degradation Initiative Resources

Mostrando 1 - 10 de 14
Library Resource
Artículos de revistas y libros
Diciembre, 2020
Ghana, África

The Lawra district of the Upper West region was selected as the case study. This study compared crop yields for FMNR and non-FMNR farmers. FMNR farmers are classified as having at least 8 trees per acre, with an average of 13 trees per acre (33 per ha) and a maximum of 40. Non-FMNR farmers are classified as having between 1 and 7 trees per acre, with an average of 5.Qualitative (focus group discussion) and quantitative (household survey) data were collected in April to May 2019. Over 500 households were interviewed in both CIKOD intervention communities and control sites.

Library Resource
Documentos de conferencias e informes
Julio, 2016

With around one third of the world’s arable land
degraded, estimated annual losses of 6.3 to 10.6
USD trillion, and a projected need to increase food
production from land by 70 per cent by 2050, we
simply cannot afford to neglect the loss of potential
production from careless land management.
Whenever land is not producing at its potential,
it is an under-performing asset that requires
investments to ensure the future supply chains
that many industries depend upon.
Sustainable land management and landscapes

Library Resource
Artículos de revistas y libros
Diciembre, 2015

Understanding the cost of inaction and beneftis of action are important in order for all stakeholders to be able to make sound, informed decisions about the amount and type of investments in land they make. Even though techniques for sustainable land management are known, many barriers remain and the financial and economic aspects are often put forward as primary obstacles. If the full value of land is not understood by all stakeholders, it may not be sustainable managed, leaving future generations with diminished choices and options to secure human and environmental well-being.

Library Resource
Artículos de revistas y libros
Diciembre, 2015

Land degradation and desertification reduce the provision of ecosystem services by lands and soils. This constrains development, reduces water, food, and energy security, and triggers resource conflicts. Although biophysical processes and economic impacts are increasingly understood, efforts to combat degradation have been failing thus far to prevent further losses of land productivity, a cost estimated at 42 billion USD/year (Dregne & Chou, 1992; Requier-Desjardins, 2007).

Library Resource
Documentos de conferencias e informes
Diciembre, 2015
Angola, Burundi, Benin, Burkina Faso, Botswana, República Centroafricana, Côte d'Ivoire, Camerún, República Democrática del Congo, Congo, Djibouti, Egipto, Eritrea, Etiopía, Gabón, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Lesotho, Marruecos, Madagascar, Malí, Mozambique, Mauritania, Malawi, Namibia, Níger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudán, Senegal, Sierra Leona, Sudán del Sur, Esuatini, Chad, Togo, Túnez, Tanzania, Sudáfrica, Zambia, Zimbabwe, África occidental, África oriental, África septentrional, África Central, África austral

Land degradation and desertification are among the biggest environmental challenges of our time. In the last 40 years, we lost nearly a third of the world’s arable farmland due to erosion, just as the number of people to be fed from it almost doubled. That’s why the UN General Assembly declared 2015 as the International Year of Soils. And the good news is that this new report shows that while Africa remains the most severely a«ected region, the benefit of taking action across the continent outweighs the cost of implementing it: not just by a little, but by a factor of seven.

Library Resource
Documentos de conferencias e informes
Diciembre, 2015
Jordania, Asia occidental

Jordanian rangelands are a source of valued
livestock produce, carbon storage, biodiversity, and
medicinal plants. They also serve as watersheds
that receive rainfall, yield surface water, and
replenish groundwater throughout the area
east and south of the western Jordan highlands.
Appropriate land management, which is currently
lacking, can protect and maximize these services
for society. With the acceleration of desertification,
land degradation and drought during the twentyfirst
century in the arid and semi-arid regions of

Library Resource
Documentos de conferencias e informes
Diciembre, 2015
Malí, África occidental

The Kelka forest in the Mopti region of Mali is
important for the provision of ecosystem services
like carbon sequestration and maintenance of
the hydrological cycle. The Kelka forest area
occupies more than 300, 000 hectares with 15
villages within and around its boundaries. The
forest resources and soil fertility of the forest
are in continuous decline due to a combination
of climatic and human induced factors. For
example, the availability of firewood has halved
over the past 15 years due to a lack of adequate

Library Resource
Documentos de conferencias e informes
Diciembre, 2015
Etiopía, África oriental

Soil erosion and deposition values were estimated using pixel based landscape information and the Unit Stream Power Erosion Deposition (USPED) model, which works with the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) parameters. The USPED model was adapted to Ethiopian conditions based on evidence from the Soil Conservation Research Programme, and calibrated and validated using data from former research stations as well as the Abbay (Blue Nile) Basin. Additionally, some of the USLE parameters were reduced in order to achieve a satisfactory approximation of sediment loss for the Abbay Basin.

Library Resource
Materiales institucionales y promocionales
Diciembre, 2015
Kazajstán, Kirguistán, Tayikistán, Turkmenistán, Uzbekistán, Asia central

In this issue: the meeting in Antalya laid the foundation for the implementation of the ELD Initiative in Central Asia. The ELD CA Initiative held a working meeting in Ashgabat. Communication issues have been identified. A working meeting of the group of Tajik specialists. ELD CA paths of cooperation are being determined. A 6-step approach to issues of the Economics of Land Degradation.

Library Resource
Documentos de conferencias e informes
Diciembre, 2015

As the world’s population continues to rise, there is
an ever increasing demand for our land to produce
a diverse range of products such as food, timber,
and fuel. Our growing need for these goods is
leading to higher levels of competition between
different land uses and, as a result, land users. Not
only is the quantity of land available for production
under current technical and economic conditions
limited, but there is also growing evidence that the
quality of our land is degrading (Safriel, U. N. 2007;

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