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Safe Access to Fuel and Energy Briefing Note: Contributing to sustaining peace

Institutional & promotional materials
Novembro, 2018
Kenya
Congo
Italy

Efforts to ensure sustainable peace can help to support access to safe, reliable and affordable energy in the long term. Energy access in turn can help to reduce conflict due to specific food security and livelihood benefits, such as the ability to safely cook food and carry out income-generating activities. An in-depth analysis of context-specific conflict drivers is a necessary first step in working towards sustainable peace.

Rebounding from the brink of extinction: Commercial production of milk amongst pastoralists for climate change resilience in Uganda

Reports & Research
Novembro, 2018
Uganda
Africa
Eastern Africa

Changes in climate that intensify drought and accelerate the spread of livestock parasites and diseases darken the economic future for sub-Saharan pastoralists. Already stressed, as industrial and urban development narrow their access to pastures and water for their animals, many pastoralists face a bleak choice: abandon their livestock and their cultural heritage or die. In Uganda, however, the outlook for pastoralists is becoming much brighter. Thousands of pastoralists in Uganda point the way toward a better option: commercial milk production.

Index-based livestock insurance as an innovative tool against drought loss: Good practices and impact analysis from northern Kenya

Reports & Research
Novembro, 2018
Kenya
Eastern Africa
Africa

Index-based livestock insurance (IBLI) is a donor-funded programme aimed at designing, developing and implementing market-mediated, index-based insurance products to protect livestock keepers, particularly in the drought-prone arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs), from drought-related asset losses. The IBLI index is based on satellite data, which measure the quality of the pastureland every 10–16 days. These data are inputs to a statistical model of livestock mortality developed using historical data from the region.

Совершенствование системы регулирования пастбищных земель

Journal Articles & Books
Outubro, 2018
Morocco
Ethiopia
Kenya
Cameroon
South Africa
Mali
Niger
Senegal
Nicaragua
China
Mongolia
Nepal
Jordan
Lebanon
Norway
Spain
Australia

The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security explicitly mention pastoralists as users of the Guidelines and as targets of capacity building. Despite the historical and often ongoing marginalization of pastoralists, this technical guide has been developed in response to emerging opportunities to support pastoralists and to strengthen their land and resource rights.

Climate Change Adaptation and Conflict Prevention: Innovation and Sustainable Livestock Production in Nigeria and South Africa

Journal Articles & Books
Outubro, 2018
South Africa
Nigeria

The interface between environment and conflict has gained traction in policy and security circles in recent times. Growing scholarly interest on the linkage stems from increasing awareness on the role climate change plays in precipitating resource contestations and conflict over depleting natural resources, particularly in poor regions. Such impacts sometimes result from secondary consequences of environmental decline and resources scarcity which give rise to stiff competitions over access to available resources.

Pastoralism under pressure in northern Kenya

Outubro, 2018
Kenya

Pastoralists in Isiolo county in northern Kenya feel under siege;with their way of life under threat. Isiolo has been the home of the Waso Boran pastoralists for many decades;but attacks from neighbouring Somali herders;encroachments by agriculturalists from Meru;expansion of conservancies and planned road;pipeline and resort city mega-projects are affecting all pastoral livelihoods;creating many new risks and environmental uncertainties. Droughts are occurring more frequently. Market uncertainties are important;regarding access to milk;meat and live animals.

Ethiopia: Report on feed inventory and feed balance

Journal Articles & Books
Outubro, 2018
Germany
Kenya
Laos
Ethiopia
Zimbabwe
Italy
Syrian Arab Republic
Cambodia
Thailand
India
Sudan
New Zealand
Niger
Malawi
Norway
Netherlands

Available evidence indicates that pastoral destitution in Ethiopia is principally driven by feed and water scarcity. Feed resources ought to be considered in the broader perspective and not predominantly during emergency as is the case now. Feed inventory and balance is therefore requisite such that the country is aware of its needs, resource availability, gaps, implications and how the gap can be filled within the country. This will make feed interventions in the country effective in the immediate, medium and long term as well as provide solutions for replication in the region.

Pastoralism in Africa’s drylands

Journal Articles & Books
Outubro, 2018
Algeria
Egypt
Benin
Nigeria
Ethiopia
Niger
Eritrea
Libya
Somalia
Cameroon
Senegal
Chad
Burkina Faso
Mauritania
Mali
Djibouti
Kenya
Morocco
Tunisia
South Sudan
Sudan
Africa

Pastoral livestock production is crucial to the livelihoods and the economy of Africa’s semiarid regions. It developed 7,000 years ago in response to long-tern climate change. It spread throughout Northern Africa as an adaptation to the rapidly changing and increasingly unpredictable arid climate. It is practiced in an area representing 43% of Africa’s land mass in the different regions of Africa, and in some regions it represents the dominant livelihoods system.

Rangelands Communities Exchange Conference: Community resource management in Kenyan rangelands

Multimedia
Outubro, 2018
Kenya
Eastern Africa
Africa

In January 2018, the Rangelands Association of Kenya and ILRI partnered to host the Rangeland Communities Exchange Conference. ILRI’s support to the conference was undertaken through the 'Restoration of degraded land for food security and poverty reduction in East Africa and the Sahel: Taking successes in land restoration to scale' project. The conference facilitated community-to-community exchange of knowledge on rangeland management practices and on the ways in which management and governance frameworks interact with these practices.