Odisha is one of the federal States of the Union of India which came into existence from 1936. The Government of Odisha has number of Departments under it, like the Ministry in case of Government of India, to deal with administration and governance of the State of Odisha. As land is under the State list of the Constitution of India, Revenue and Disaster Management Department of the Government of Odisha has been mainly dealing with matters related to land. The activities of the department include to ensure right to land for agriculture (livelihood) and housesite for shelter; address people’s problems relating to land; provide land to the landless and protect Government land, transfer of immovable property, protect illegal transfer of immovable property, the Registration of property, Computerization of Revenue Offices, updation of land records, digitization of cadastral maps, inter-connectivity among revenue offices, under taking survey operations using modern technologies, distribution of Government waste land for agriculture/ homestead purposes, distribution of ceiling surplus land, prohibition of tribal land alienation, regularisation of forest villages, acquisition of private land for public purposes, formulation of comprehensive rehabilitation and resettlement policies for displaced persons, administration of minor minerals of the State and conduct of decennial census are some of the important activities of R&DM Department. ef, rescue, rehabilitation and restoration work. Other relevant department related to land include Urban Development and Housing Department, Scheduled Tribe and Scheduled Caste Development Department, Panchayat Raj Department, etc.