Niger is a landlocked country with 80% of its land area covered by desert. Only one eighth of the country's land area can be used for agriculture and livestock. Secure access to fertile land is therefore of vital importance as the country’s population economically depends on it. This scarcity of agricultural land is magnified by the extremely high population pressure in Niger, which has the highest fertility rate in the world.
Land policy is the set of intentions embodied in various policy instruments that are adopted by the state to organise land tenure and land use.
Source: FAO, 2003