Land transformation has been at the centre of the economic growth of post-colonial Asia. In the 1990s, many Asian countries embraced economic liberalization and speculative business interests in land began to replace the state’s control of land for developmental purposes.
Over the last 50 years, most Asian countries have gone through a shift from subsistence agricultural systems to industrialized economies. In Indonesia, the major shift came in 1966, when General Suharto successfully staged a military coup. Under his presidency, Indonesia experienced the “New Order”. A key aspect of this regime was trade and industrial expansion.
Successive governments in India have emphasized the need for industrial expansion and privatization as the foundation for economic stability and growth. This focus has led to the policy-induced transformation of rural and peri-urban landscapes into use for industry and infrastructure.
Includes the indigenous peoples of Ethiopia; Ethiopia’s dire context; food insecurity; land grabs, conflicts and food security; development by displacement I: Ethiopia’s land investment policies; table of land deals with foreign companies in Gambela since 2007; development by displacement II: Ethiopia’s villagization programme; Voluntary Guidelines; time to close the door on land grabbing in Ga
This LEGEND bulletin explores early experiences and emerging lessons from four of these projects, and includes testimony from community members attesting to their positive results.
Research shows that land disputes are increasingly common, exposing businesses to severe risks at the project level. The problem is endemic and growing – companies want evidence-based approaches to address this new reality and understand their exposure to risk.
This is a legal toolkit to help decision-makers use laws to reduce forest conversion and minimise the environmental and social impacts of deforestation. It offers countries a starting point to reform laws governing forest conversion.
Women disproportionately bear the negative impacts of large-scale land investments (in agribusiness, extractives, logging) in the global South.
In the wave of efforts to encourage and support more “responsible” land investments, one aspect has been largely overlooked: are governments equipped with the legal and technical support needed to effectively negotiate and conclude investment contracts that lead to responsible outcomes?
Un informe de Ecologistas en Acción publicado hoy alerta de que, si no se producen cambios en las políticas de biocombustibles, se podrían deforestar 7 millones de hectáreas más en el mundo, de los cuales 3,6 millones serán turberas tropicales, y se agravará aún más el problema del cambio climático.
La norma propuesta debe ser aprobada por el Congreso y enfrenta el rechazo de los pueblos originarios y los ambientalistas, quienes la consideran "genocida"
Ya se trate de una plaga de langostas en África Occidental o de la desaparición de insectos en Alemania: estas catástrofes se deben al cambio climático, la alta demanda de alimentos y errores en la agricultura.