This Law establishes legal basis, terms and conditions of transfer of land from one category to another. Transfer of land shall be state (public) function and shall be performed in accordance with purposeful use of land in case of modification of main purposeful use. Category and type of land area shall be specified in: (a) acts of local self-government related to allocation or concession of land; (b) in land-related contracts; (c) in land cadastre documentation; and (d) in land certificates. Violation of the aforesaid modalities of land transfer shall entail invalidation of land-related acts of local self-government. Land tenure for non-purposeful land uses shall be prohibited. In case of transfer of agricultural and forest land to other categories not related to agriculture or forestry land tenants and landowners shall be paid compensation, including loss of expected profit.
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A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of the territory of present-day Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to the Russian Empire in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990.