Government of Kyrgyzstan | Land Portal

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Kyrgyzstan
KG

A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of the territory of present-day Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to the Russian Empire in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990. Former Prime Minister Kurmanbek BAKIEV overwhelmingly won the presidential election in the summer of 2005. Over the next few years, he manipulated the parliament to accrue new powers for the presidency. In July 2009, after months of harassment against his opponents and media critics, BAKIEV won reelection in a presidential campaign that the international community deemed flawed. In April 2010, violent protests in Bishkek led to the collapse of the BAKIEV regime and his eventual flight to Minsk, Belarus. His successor, Roza OTUNBAEVA, served as transitional president until Almazbek ATAMBAEV was inaugurated in December 2011, marking the first peaceful transfer of presidential power in independent Kyrgyzstan's history. Continuing concerns include: the trajectory of democratization, endemic corruption, poor interethnic relations, border security vulnerabilities, and potential terrorist threats.

Under the 2010 Constitution, ATAMBAEV is limited to one term, which will end in 2017. Constitutional amendments passed in a referendum in December 2016 include language that transfers some presidential powers to the prime minister. Disagreement over the constitutional amendments compelled ATAMBAEV’s ruling Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan to dissolve and create a new majority coalition in the Jogorku Kengesh that excluded opposition parties critical of the amendments.

Kyrgyzstan is a parliamentary republic.

Source: CIA World Factbook

Government of Kyrgyzstan Resources

Displaying 1 - 10 of 90
Legislation
July 2016
Kyrgyzstan

Article 72 of Land Code shall be amended to add the following wording: “Agricultural land plots of dimensions within 5 ha shall be indivisible. Agricultural land plots of dimensions over 5 ha can be split in separate land plots for the dimensions exceeding 5 ha on condition that the dimension of new separated land plots shall not be less than 5 ha”. Article 15 of Law No.

Legislation
July 2016
Kyrgyzstan

Article 1 shall be amended to add the following wording: “Transfer of irrigated public land stock to category of land under perennial fruit growing species shall be prohibited”.

Amends: Law No. 257 “On moratorium on transfer of irrigated arable land to other categories of land”. (2011-06-23)

Regulations
January 2016
Kyrgyzstan

This Governmental Decree establishes the procedures for and the modalities of calculation of the amount of reimbursement of loss of agricultural commodities in the course of transfer of agricultural land to other categories of land and use of the aforesaid reimbursement for land conversion, drainage of cultivated land, soil improvement and survey work with a view of soil fertility improvement.

Constitution
December 2010
Kyrgyzstan

The constitution was approved by 90.55% of voters in a national referendum.

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