This Governmental Decree establishes that land plots shall be allotted for provisional tenancy covering the period of subsoil management for the following purposes: (a) geological exploration of subsoil; and (b) mining and construction of the infrastructure for subsoil management. Land plots for subsoil management shall be allotted by the authorized body in accordance with the territorial affiliation: (a) land plots administered by the local state administration are allotted by the state executive authority (local state administration); (b) land plots under the jurisdiction of local government, including pastures, are allotted by the executive body of local government; and (c) land plots of the state forest fund are allotted by the territorial state forestry management body. Land plots that are privately owned or in temporary tenancy are allotted by the land owner or land tenants under a contract with a subsoil manager. Geological exploration shall be performed without expropriation of land plot and without legalization of the right of use documentation, but by written consent of the authorized state body and, in case of privately owned land plot, by notarized written consent of the owner or land tenant. Land plots destined for mining and construction of the infrastructure for subsoil management, except for particularly valuable plots of agricultural land and protected areas, shall be allotted without transfer thereof to other land categories.
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A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of the territory of present-day Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to the Russian Empire in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990.