Passar para o conteúdo principal

page search

Displaying 85 - 96 of 1586

Machine Learning and Property Rights

Journal Articles & Books
Dezembro, 2018
Global

An Introduction to Machine Learning

Machine learning is an application of artificial intelligence (AI) that enables systems to programmatically “learn” and improve from past experience. Computers use algorithms and statistical models to “learn” patterns and insights from sample sets of data (often called “training data sets”), and apply those insights to make intelligent predictions and decisions about much larger sets of data.

Self-Sovereign Identity and Property Rights

Journal Articles & Books
Dezembro, 2018
Global

An Introduction to Self-Sovereign Identity

Self-sovereign identity (SSI) is a new paradigm for creating digital identity systems that function more like identity does in the physical world, where every person has a unique and persistent identity which is represented to others by means of a collection of credentials. SSI allows people to collect digital “credentials”—pieces of evidence about their identity—attested to by various external sources of authority.

3D Cadastre and Property Rights

Journal Articles & Books
Dezembro, 2018
Global

An Introduction to 3D Cadastre

Over the last half century the world has seen rapid urbanization, which is anticipated to increase over the foreseeable future. According to the United Nations Population Division, only 30 percent of the world’s population lived in urban areas in 1950. As of 2018, that has increased to 55 percent with urbanization rates rising faster in some less developed regions.25 With the rise of urbanization, more people are living in multi-story buildings with shared services and facilities.

Potential of brownfields as developing territories in Bratislava

Policy Papers & Briefs
Dezembro, 2018
Czech Republic
Latvia
Slovakia
Austria

The issue of brownfields and their analysis in Slovakia have not been given such emphasis over the last decade as in the neighbouring EU countries, such as in Austria or in the Czech Republic. The situation is completely different in Bratislava and also in the rest of Slovakia and the development of this type of area is almost unrealized. A frequent argument is problematic ownership relationships to the unused, degraded land. However, the real problem is the higher financial costs associated with brownfields regeneration.

Centrality of land and real estate dynamics in China through the prism of the Developmental State Centralité du foncier et dynamiques immobilières en Chine au prisme de l’Etat Développeur

Reports & Research
Dezembro, 2018
China

This paper engages in a discussion between regulationists and urban scientists with the aim of bringing awareness ofthe growing role of property markets as drivers of contemporaneous capitalist regimes — a dimension that has notbeen given proper consideration by the French Regulation School. The case of China exemplifies the centrality of landin macroeconomic dynamics. The paper explores this centrality trough the prism of the Development State (DS), aframework that sets China's experience in the broader context of Northeast Asia.

An Introduction to Prindex

Reports & Research
Novembro, 2018
Libéria
Senegal
Honduras
Global

The webinar An introduction to Prindex took place on 28 November, 2018. This webinar presented a basic understanding of how Prindex works. The Prindex team presented results of data collected from 15 countries. It focused on pathways for using Prindex to propel policy conversations and movement-building for policy reform with the help of panellists from some of the countries where data was collected.

Panelists were asked to address the following questions: 

Reclaiming the Commons

Reports & Research
Novembro, 2018
Global

Urban agriculture has been theorized by social scientists, and even some urban growers, as a means of reclaiming the commons. But what does “reclaiming the commons” entail? A longue-durée genealogy reveals distinct socio-legal imaginations of the commons and visions of how it might be reclaimed. Social thinkers and reformers have split over how to address the key problem of private property identified by John Locke: landless people who can’t find paid employment.

The dark underbelly of land struggles: the instrumentalization of female activism and emotional resistance in Cambodia

Journal Articles & Books
Outubro, 2018
Asia
Cambodia

Facing land grabs and eviction in the name of development, women worldwide increasingly join land rights struggles despite often deeply engrained images of female domesticity and conventional gender norms. Yet, the literature on female agency in the context of land struggles has remained largely underexplored. Based on extensive ethnographic fieldwork, my findings suggest that land rights activism in Cambodia has undergone a gendered re-framing process.

Property-level direct and indirect deforestation for soybean production in the Amazon region of Mato Grosso, Brazil

Peer-reviewed publication
Outubro, 2018
Brasil
Estados Unidos

Brazil’s Soy Moratorium solidified the world’s largest traders’ commitment to stop soybean purchases from production areas deforested after July 2006. The aim was to remove deforestation from the soybean supply-chain and halt one of the main drivers of forest loss in the Amazon biome. In this study, we investigated changes in deforestation at the property-level for the period 2004 to 2014.

Vulnerable Groups Primer (Responsible Investment in Property and Land (RIPL) Guidebook Series)

Manuals & Guidelines
Agosto, 2018
Global

This primer provides guidance for including and protecting vulnerable groups in the context of a land-based investment. It outlines the importance of identifying and engaging with vulnerable groups, who often have weak claims to land rights and are particularly susceptible to negative impacts from changes in land use. It provides

• an overview of who may qualify for inclusion in a vulnerable group and descriptions of specific vulnerable groups, and

• step-by-step guidance for governments, business, and communities..

Monitoring and Evaluation Primer (Responsible Investment in Property and Land (RIPL) Guidebook Series)

Policy Papers & Briefs
Agosto, 2018
Global

This primer on monitoring and evaluation (M&E) offers a brief explanation of what M&E is, why it is important and what common best practices are associated with it, all in the context of supporting the implementation of a socially responsible land-based investment. It also includes specific guidance on how to develop and execute an effective M&E plan for the implementation of an investment.