Closing the Enforcement Gap: Findings of a Community-Led Ground Truthing of Environmental Violations in Mundra, Kutch | Land Portal
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Date of publication: 
Maio 2003
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This document is the culmination of a year-long exercise of a community-led process for ground truthing the violations of environmental conditions laid out in the Coastal Regulation Zone approval for a large infrastructure, coal handling and port facility in the Mundra region of Kutch district in the western Indian state of Gujarat. It presents compelling data on the nature of the violations, many of which were anticipated when local community members objected to the Waterfront Development Project (WFDP) of the Adani group in the region. These anticipated impacts were presented to the regulatory bodies prior to the approval as well as in the appellate court soon after where the permission granted to the project was challenged.

This document lays out the evidence of non-compliance by the project and its effects on the environment and the people. The process followed by the community members to document data on impacts and present it as legally permissible evidence is unique. It includes the setting up of the Mundra Hitrakshak Manch (Forum for the Protection of Rights in Mundra), which will now work towards obtaining government action on non-compliance by the project as well as undertake other such studies to record evidence of violations by other projects in the region.

Autores e editores

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Mundra Hitrakshak Manch et al


The Centre for Policy Research (CPR) has been one of India’s leading public policy think tanks since 1973. The Centre is a non-profit, non-partisan independent institution dedicated to conducting research that contributes to the production of high quality scholarship, better policies, and a more robust public discourse about the structures and processes that shape life in India.

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NRMC is a technical and managerial advisory firm in the development sector that provides evidence-based solutions for sustainable, equitable and inclusive development. 

Established in 2004, NRMC is engaged in creating impactful solutions that make a difference to the society. We achieve results at scale by catalyzing partnership with clients and communities. We believe in ethical business, nurturing talent to be courageous to push the limits of knowledge and discovering new ways of doing things.

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