The aim of this Act is to re-establish protected areas on land previously owned by agricultural cooperatives before privatization. This goal is achieved through: expropriation, if the area has already been assigned to a private owner; or by not assigning such lands to private owners. Paragraphs 2-4 deal with cases in which expropriation is not obligatory and with cases in which compensation should be paid to the owner. Expropriation should be carried out, at the latest, within 3 years from the entry into force of this Act.
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Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow.