This Act shall not apply to rights and obligations governed by customary law of any person other than the State. This Act shall bind the State (sect. 3). Subject to provisions of Part II and Part V, a person shall by prescription become the owner of a thing which he has possessed openly and as if he were the owner thereof for: (a) an uninterrupted period of thirty years; or (b) a period which, together with any periods for which such thing was so possessed by his predecessors in title, constitutes an uninterrupted period of thirty years. The text consists of 20 sections divided into 5 Parts.
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The UK annexed Southern Rhodesia from the former British South Africa Company in 1923. A 1961 constitution was formulated that favored whites in power. In 1965 the government unilaterally declared its independence, but the UK did not recognize the act and demanded more complete voting rights for the black African majority in the country (then called Rhodesia). UN sanctions and a guerrilla uprising finally led to free elections in 1979 and independence (as Zimbabwe) in 1980.