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Rice subsector development and farmer efficiency in Nepal: implications for further transformation and food security

Diciembre, 2021
Nepal

With economic development agricultural systems in the Global South transform from subsistence farming to higher productivity with market integration and increase in rural income and food security. In Nepal, agriculture continues to provide livelihoods for two-thirds of the predominantly rural population, largely at a subsistence-level. Rice is the staple food and covers the largest land area but yields are relatively low, with an annual import bill of USD 300 Million. The study uses data from 310 households from two distinct rice producing areas to assess farmers' rice production systems.

Evaluating the heterogeneous impacts of adoption of climate-smart agricultural technologies on rural households' welfare in Mali

Diciembre, 2021
Mali

Climate change is negatively affecting agricultural production in the Sahel region. Climate-Smart Agricultural Technologies (CSATs) are disseminated to reduce these negative effects, and particularly those on resource-poor farm households. This article investigates the distributional impacts of the adoption of CSAT on-farm households’ welfare using a dataset that covers four regions, 32 communes, 320 villages, and 2240 households in Mali.

Sowing the wheat seeds of Afghanistan's future

Diciembre, 2021
Afghanistan

Afghanistan is a country with diverse natural ecologies in a largely arid and mountainous region. The rural sector is still considered to drive economic potential. Current social, political and economic instability along with climatic challenges are driving food and water insecurity in the wider region. In the short term, it is likely that this and the associated challenges of displacement and unemployment can only be addressed by humanitarian intervention and agrifood and nutrition support.

Strengthening Accountability for Responsible Land Governance: Linking Governance of Tenure to Human Rights

Journal Articles & Books
Septiembre, 2021
Africa

In a new paper, written with a colleague from the Danish Institute for Human Rights, TMG researchers Anna Kramer and Frederike Klümper, and TMG Managing Director Alexander Müller, make a case for adopting human rights-based monitoring approaches that strengthen the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests (VGGT), and ultimately support responsible land governance.

The Significance Of The Land Issue Has Not Yet Been Realized By The Authorities Of Kazakhstan

Reports & Research
Agosto, 2021
Kazakhstan

By creating a land commission, the Kazakh authorities managed to bring down the protest rallies in 2016, when, under pressure from citizens, the government was forced to abandon the sale and lease of land to foreigners. The goal of the national patriots was achieved, but the key issue for the citizens remained unresolved – the mechanism and procedures for the return of land to the people of Kazakhstan, sold by the authorities as a result of massive corruption deals and now belonging to oligarchs – “land barons”, has not been created by law.

Cuestión Agraria Nº 5: Movimientos Sociales Agrarios

Journal Articles & Books
Junio, 2021
América Latina y el Caribe
Bolivia

Este artículo examina los paralelismos, similitudes e interconexiones entre el populismo contemporáneo de derecha y el populismo de los movimientos agrarios. En parte, ambos tienen vínculos con sus bases sociales rurales. Se explora una agenda tanto para el diálogo político como para las investigaciones que contribuyan a dividir las filas del populismo de derecha y, a la vez, unificar a quienes lo afrontan democráticamente. El desafío es cómo transformar las interconexiones identificadas hacia un proyecto político de izquierda que erosione el populismo de derecha.

Population Trends and Urbanisation in Mountain Ranges of the World

Peer-reviewed publication
Marzo, 2021
United States of America
Global

This study assesses the global mountain population, population change over the 1975–2015 time-range, and urbanisation for 2015. The work uses the World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) definition of mountain areas combined with that of mountain range outlines generated by the Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA). We estimated population change from the Global Human Settlement Layer Population spatial grids, a set of population density layers used to measure human presence and urbanisation on planet Earth.

Expanding Exotic Forest Plantations and Declining Rural Populations in La Araucanía, Chile

Peer-reviewed publication
Marzo, 2021
Chile

Chile has embraced the expansion of monoculture forest plantations of exotic Monterey pine and eucalyptus as part of its development strategy. While forestry is considered financially successful and meets sustainability objectives, the increase in forest plantations across southern Chile has received harsh critiques for exacerbating conflict over Indigenous land rights, producing negative environmental outcomes, and increasing poverty and inequality. There are also claims that forest plantation expansion has led to an abandonment of the countryside.

What is the relationship between agricultural credit, cattle, and deforestation? A spatial analysis in Colombia

Diciembre, 2020
Colombia

In developing countries, agricultural credit plays a vital role in supporting agricultural production and productivity increases. Together with other political and economic elements, credit can be a useful tool to promote innovation, improve resource allocation, and, properly targeted, help diminish inequality gaps, thereby generating a cycle of economic prosperity.