This Ministerial Decree establishes the modalities of carrying out state control over land tenure and land protection by the authorized state land institution and local self-government. The purpose of state control shall be enforcement of land legislation and observance thereof by all natural persons, legal persons and officials. State institutions authorized to carry out land control shall be: (a) State Agency on Registration of Immovable Property Rights and its territorial bodies; (b) Ministry of Environmental Protection and its territorial bodies; and (c) Ministry of Public Health and bodies and institutions of State Sanitary and Epidemiological Service. The authorized state institutions shall: (a) carry out state land control within their spheres of competence; (b) organize control over qualitative and quantitative changes of land; (c) provide for elimination of violations of land legislation; and (d) make proposals related to conservation of degraded and polluted land.
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A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of the territory of present-day Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to the Russian Empire in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990.