This Ministerial Decree sets forth the modalities for the accurate determination and mapping of coastlines. The crossline between the surface of surface waterbodies (seas, lakes, rivers, ponds and water reservoirs) and the surface of dry land over a specified period of time shall delineate the coastline. Coastline of seas, lakes, rivers and water reservoirs can be permanent and steady; and impermanent and unsteady (average multiyear level). The coastline of the Caspian Sea shall be determined according to its average multiyear level. The coastlines of water reservoirs shall be established at the normal water level sufficient for their operation.
Repealed by: Ministerial Decree No. 1172 validating the Regulation on determining and mapping coastlines. (2010-11-08)
Auteurs et éditeurs
Ethnic Kazakhs, a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who migrated to the region by the 13th century, were rarely united as a single nation. The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century, and Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936. Soviet policies reduced the number of ethnic Kazakhs in the 1930s and enabled non-ethnic Kazakhs to outnumber natives. During the 1950s and 1960s agricultural "Virgin Lands" program, Soviet citizens were encouraged to help cultivate Kazakhstan's northern pastures.