Botswana Tenth National Development Plan (NDP 10) marks the last leg in achieving the aspirations of Botswana's long-term vision, Vision 2016- Towards Prosperity for All. The plan, based on the principles of rapid economic growth, social justice, economic independence, and sustainable development, will run from 1st April 2009 to 31st March 2016, a total of 7 years.To make agriculture more productive and sustainable work will be focus on three main components: livestock, arable production, and agricultural business development programme. The arable programme provides for the development of horticultural production, irrigation schemes, use of waste water for production and rain-fed cereal and legume production and support to farmers to improve their productivity. Specifically, the programme seeks to improve productivity under irrigated and rain-fed agriculture to commercial levels through technology transfer and application. The livestock development programme will assist farmers to develop basic infrastructure for farming and purchase some of the inputs. The programme will also seek to support the development of the poultry (chicken and ostrich) supply chain through establishment of chicken abattoirs and parent breeding stock facilities. In the water sector the work will focus on the institutional framework restructuring, development of water supply resources (including treatment and transmission), water supply and distribution aimed at optimization of the existing network, rehabilitation and extension of the existing network and activities dealing with water quality, conservation, and supply and service efficiency.To enable more inclusive and efficient agricultural and food systems the livestock industry supply chain will be developed through increasing cattle off-take (throughput at processing plants) by removing supply barriers posed by the requirements of veterinary and police permits and transport logistics between the markets and the production areas. The programme will also develop strategies for the growth of the agricultural industries and will seek to liberalise beef markets and expand the export base of agricultural products.Another pillar would be the National Plant and Animal Health Regulatory Services Programme. The programme focuses on building infrastructure and capacity to manage risks associated with animal and plant pests and diseases, on ensuring food security and the safe use of genetically modified organisms. In addition, measures will be put in place that will boost consumer confidence with regard to food of animal and plant origin. The Agricultural Research and Technology Development Programme will also be established to develop appropriate technologies to mitigate production constraints, in particular, the programme will develop appropriate technologies to mitigate production constraints, in particular, the negative impacts of the harsh environmental conditions. The provision of services, such as soil and plant analysis, seed production, conservation of animal and plant genetic resources under the programme, ensures sustainability of production resources.In the land sector the programmes will focus on land acquisition and allocation which entails acquisition of freehold farms to create a land bank to make land readily available for development, development of information management systems that will deliver spatial data and land use data to facilitate the preparation of 29 settlement development plans by local authorities.To improve the productivity and efficiency of the agricultural and related sectors efforts will be focused on provision of skilled labor through the agricultural skills development programme that will train on vocational and technical skills development. Other strategies include provision of a secure and productive environment for agricultural producers and private sector participationIn order to increase resilience of livelihoods to disaster and climate change the environmental protection programme will be developed to mainstream climate change both in relations to mitigating the effects of emissions, and to developing adaptation strategies for economic diversification, agriculture, malaria eradication, etc. It will identify the most vulnerable sectors, as well as critical areas for promoting early adaptation. Programmes on natural resources management and environmental information management will also be developed to deal with the planning and sustainable management of land, forest, rangelands, wildlife and fish resources.At the national level, M&E will be the responsibility of Vision 2016 Council and MFDP. The Vision 2016 Council will primarily monitor and evaluate progress at the macro level. MFDP's emphasis will be on financial management. At the Sector/Ministry level, M&E will primarily be the responsibility of GICO, working with the Public Sector Reform Unit (PSRU) and Ministries/departments. A comprehensive Development Results (MDRF) has been developed for M&E purposes at the national level. The Framework will be supplemented by other types of monitoring and evaluation approaches, such as the Logical Framework, Theory- Based Evaluation, formal surveys, Rapid Appraisal Methods, Public Expenditure Tracking surveys, Impact Evaluation, etc., which will be used to monitor and evaluate performance of projects, programmes and policies, where appropriate.
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