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Emplacement

Madagascar
MG

Madagascar was one of the last major landmasses on earth to be colonized by humans. The earliest settlers from present-day Indonesia arrived between A.D. 350 and 550. The island attracted Arab and Persian traders as early as the 7th century, and migrants from Africa arrived around A.D. 1000. Madagascar was a pirate stronghold during the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and served as a slave trading center into the 19th century. From the 16th to the late 19th century, a native Merina Kingdom dominated much of Madagascar. The island was conquered by the French in 1896 who made it a colony; independence was regained in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA won a second term in 2006 but, following protests in 2009, handed over power to the military, which then conferred the presidency on the mayor of Antananarivo, Andry RAJOELINA, in what amounted to a coup d'etat. Following a lengthy mediation process led by the Southern African Development Community, Madagascar held UN-supported presidential and parliamentary elections in 2013. Former de facto finance minister Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA won a runoff election in December 2013 and was inaugurated in January 2014.


Madagascar is a semi-presidential republic.


Source: CIA World Factbook

Government of Madagascar Resources

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Library Resource
Législation
Madagascar, Afrique, Afrique orientale

La présente loi fixe le régime national de la normalisation et de la certification des produits, biens et services à Madagascar. Cette loi instaure des redevances pour la vente de normes, pour les procédures et travaux de normalisation et de certification dont le montant, les modalités de perception, d'attribution et d'utilisation seront fixées par voie réglementaire.

Library Resource
Réglementations
Madagascar, Afrique, Afrique orientale

Le présent arrêté définit les règles de construction et d’exploitation des stations service qui doivent être appliquées dans la profession pétrolière.En application des termes du présent règlement, nul ne peut, à l’intérieur du territoire Malgache, ni construire, ni aménager une station-service, ni installer des postes de distribution d’hydrocarbures sans une autorisation délivrée par l’Office Malgache des Hydrocarbures (O.M.H).

Library Resource
Législation
Madagascar, Afrique, Afrique orientale

La présente loi modifie les dispositions des articles 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13 et 15 de la loi n° 95­034 du 03 octobre 1995 autorisant la création des organismes chargés de la protection contre les inondations et fixant les redevances pour la protection contre les inondations.L’article 1er (nouveau) crée sur le territoire de la République au niveau des communes des organismes chargés de la protection contre les inondations, et institue la perception par les organismes de redevances pour la protection contre les inondations.

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