Presidential Decree No. 1767 of 1993 regarding the regulation of land relationship and the promotion of land reform in Russia. | Land Portal

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The President decrees that the plots of land and the property connected with them must be considered real estate. The real estate contracts are regulated by Civil Code in accordance with Land, Forestry, Environmental, other specific Legislative Acts and this Decree. Physical And juridical persons, that own plots of land, have the right to sell, to bequeath, to give as a gift, to mortgage, to lease, to exchange and to render them as a share to the-joint stock companies. Each landowner is provided with land certificate that must be registered into land cadastre. This land certificate is the unique document valid for all types of land contract. This Decree validates the form of land certificate. The Government guarantees the safety and the protection of private property on land and the protection of the rights of landlords to make contracts as regards land property. The expropriation of private land for state or public purposes is authorized on the basis of compensation by mutual accord. The purchase of the plots of land for federal purposes is conducted by the Federal Committee on Land Resources and Land Survey on the basis of the Governmental Order.

Implemented by: Ordinance No. 958-r of 1993 regarding the modalities of transfer in private property or life-long hereditary property of the formerly allotted plots of land. (1993-11-29)
Implemented by: Governmental Instruction No.96-rz of 1993 regarding application of the Basic Regulations on mortgage of immovable property. (1993-12-22)
Implemented by: Presidential Decree No. 2118 of 1993 on taxation of sale of the plots of land and other transactions with land. (1993-12-07)
Implemented by: Ministerial Decree No. 1272 of 1993 regarding validation of the Regulation on the modalities of carrying out land tenders, land auctions and other land transactions. (1993-12-10)
Implemented by: Ministerial Decree No. 1362 of 1993 regarding validation of the Regulation on the modalities of carrying out state control over the use and the protection of land. (1993-12-23)
Implemented by: Decree No.77 of 1994 of the Government of Moscow “On the proceedings of the registration of land tenants and ensuring the collection of land charges". (1994-01-25)
Implemented by: Order No. 25 of 1994 of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources regarding the modalities of carrying out state control over the use and the protection of land. (1994-01-28)
Implemented by: Ordinance No. 874-r of 1994 of the mayor-president of the government of St. Petersburg regarding regulation of land tenure of physical persons. (1994-08-22)
Repealed by: Presidential Decree No.112 of 1999 “On invalidation and amendment of some legislative acts of the President of the Russian Federation.” (1999-01-25)
Repealed by: Presidential Decree No. 2287 of 1993 regarding the conformity of the basic land legislation to the Russian Constitution. (1993-12-24)

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Founded in the 12th century, the Principality of Muscovy was able to emerge from over 200 years of Mongol domination (13th-15th centuries) and to gradually conquer and absorb surrounding principalities. In the early 17th century, a new ROMANOV Dynasty continued this policy of expansion across Siberia to the Pacific. Under PETER I (ruled 1682-1725), hegemony was extended to the Baltic Sea and the country was renamed the Russian Empire. During the 19th century, more territorial acquisitions were made in Europe and Asia.

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