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Tierras comunales

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Indígenas guardianes del bosque
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Texto: Rhett A. Butler Traducido por:  Mabel Pedemonte

 

Perú

Luis Hallazi es abogado y politólogo, investigador en derechos humanos.

Las vidas de cerca de 2 mil 500 millones de personas dependen de tierras indígenas y comunitarias, las cuales suponen más del 50% de la tierra del planeta; sin embargo, legalmente solo son dueñas del 10%. Los 5 mil millones de hectáreas restantes están desprotegidas y son vulnerables al acaparamiento de tierras por parte de entidades más poderosas, donde en muchos casos los Gobiernos son utilizados por empresas transnacionales para despojar de sus tierras a pobladores originarios.

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AAKAR Books (AAKAR)

Established in 1991, AAKAR Books is a publishing company, started publishing quality scholarly books in Social Sciences in English and Hindi since 2001 and is now a niche for itself. Aakar Books is reputed for quality scholarly publishing in the field of Social Sciences.

El Centro de Investigación y Promoción del Campesinado (CIPCA) empezó a gestarse una tarde de octubre de 1970, bajo la iniciativa de tres jesuitas –Luís Alegre, Xavier Albó y Francisco Javier Santiago–, con el propósito de que la nueva institución pudiera ayudar a “buscar los caminos más eficaces para que los campesinos de Bolivia encuentren cauces propios para su desarrollo estructural y su integración en el país”.

Spread across diverse ecological and social geographies, FES works towards conservation of nature and natural resources through collective action of local communities. The crux of FES efforts lie in locating forests and other natural resources within the prevailing economic, social and ecological dynamics in rural landscapes.

Odisha is one of the federal States of the Union of India which came into existence from 1936. The Government of Odisha has number of Departments under it, like the Ministry in case of Government of India, to deal with administration and governance of the State of Odisha. As land is under the State list of the Constitution of India, Revenue and Disaster Management Department of the Government of Odisha has been mainly dealing with matters related to land.

International Association for the Study of the Commons

The IASC is the leading professional association dedicated to the commons. The association, founded in 1989, is devoted to bringing together multi-disciplinary researchers, practitioners, and policymakers for the purpose of improving governance and management, advancing understanding, and creating sustainable solutions for commons, common-pool resources, or any other form of shared resource.

The IASC aims to:

LEAP came into existence in 1988 when a group of KwaZulu-Natal land practitioners from NGOs, government and the private sector began to focus on why the communal property institutions (CPIs) set up under land reform appeared to be failing. The Legal Entity Assessment Project, as it was initially known, questioned the widely held view that the land reform communal property associations (CPAs) and trusts needed capacity building.

The legal data collected for Nicholas Tagliarino's dissertation and posted on Land Book examines whether national expropriation, compensation, and resettlement laws in developing countries are adopting international standards designed to secure tenure rights and ensure responsible land governance. The analysis conducted for this dataset is based on Section 16 of the UN Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure, which establishes standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

The Other Media was established in 1992 as a Center for supporting people’s organisations and movements in India include providing campaigns, advocacy, communications, research, training and scientific support to and mobilising solidarity for community struggles against injustice. It also strives to bring together civil society groups on to common platforms on the basis of shared concerns for human rights, peace and justice including environmental justice.

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