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BTI 2020 Country Report Bangladesh
Rapports et recherches
mai 2020
Bangladesh

ABSTRACTED FROM EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: On December 30, 2018, Bangladesh held national elections. The election was not deemed fair by observers, and from the point of filing nomination papers to election campaigning, the opposition faced severe political obstacles. Their cadres were arrested, and rallies and campaign were attacked by the ruling party’s supporters.

Land Journal Volume 9 Issue 11 cover image
Publication évaluée par des pairs
novembre 2020
Canada
États-Unis d'Amérique
Belgique
Australie

The landscape context (i.e., anthropogenic setting) of forest change partly determines the social-ecological outcomes of the change. Furthermore, forest change occurs within, is constrained by, and contributes to a dynamic landscape context. We illustrate how information about local landscape context can be incorporated into regional assessments of forest area change.

Land Journal Volume 9 Issue 11 cover image
Publication évaluée par des pairs
novembre 2020
Pologne

This paper investigates the phenomenon of spatial chaos in Poland resulting from urban sprawl. The phenomenon is particularly visible in the case of suburban small cities which, in contrast to cities in the EU-15 countries with similar populations, are expanding excessively, causing a growth of urbanized areas exceeding several times the growth of their population.

Land Journal Volume 9 Issue 11 cover image
Publication évaluée par des pairs
novembre 2020
États-Unis d'Amérique
Chine
Fédération de Russie

Chinese metropolitan areas have been experiencing urbanization over the past decades, impacting biodiversity, carbon emissions, urban heat islands, and food security. Yet, systematic research on spatio-temporal urbanization patterns and drivers along the urban–rural gradient is rarely reported for northwest China.

Land Journal Volume 9 Issue 11 cover image
Publication évaluée par des pairs
novembre 2020
Afrique sub-saharienne

Urban parks provide various environmental, socio-cultural and economic benefits, also called ecosystem services, as well as challenges. Urban park planning and management needs to consider the perception and attitude of people towards the benefits, challenges and quality of the parks. However, such information is largely lacking for cities of Sub-Saharan Africa.

Land Journal Volume 9 Issue 11 cover image
Publication évaluée par des pairs
novembre 2020
États-Unis d'Amérique

Identifying and quantifying conservation-practice adoption in U.S. cropland is key to accurately monitoring trends in soil health regionally and nationally and informing climate change mitigation efforts.

Land Journal Volume 9 Issue 11 cover image
Publication évaluée par des pairs
novembre 2020
République centrafricaine
Guatemala
États-Unis d'Amérique
Philippines
Europe orientale
Pologne
Royaume-Uni
Espagne
Allemagne

Allotment gardens are quite common in many European countries. In particular, they are an important part of the urban space in Central and Eastern Europe. They served to improve the inhabitants’ physical and mental well-being during the communist period and relieved the family budget thanks to their own crops.

Land Journal Volume 9 Issue 11 cover image
Publication évaluée par des pairs
novembre 2020
États-Unis d'Amérique
Europe
Espagne

The functional diversification of coastal fishing communities has been a central objective of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) since the early stages of its implementation. A large part of the initiatives financed throughout Europe have been linked to the creation of synergies between the fishing sector and tourism.

Land Journal Volume 9 Issue 11 cover image
Publication évaluée par des pairs
novembre 2020
Venezuela
Canada
États-Unis d'Amérique
Europe
Grèce
Italie
Espagne

The Huerta is recognised as one of the 13 specific agricultural landscapes in Europe, present in only three Mediterranean countries, namely Spain, Italy, and Greece. In the case of Spain, three areas fall within the established Huerta agricultural classification: the Huertas de Valencia, Murcia, and Vega Baja.

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