Journée internationale de la femme 2021: lutter pour les droits fonciers des femmes | Land Portal

Le thème de cette année pour la Journée internationale, «Les femmes au leadership: Parvenir à un avenir égal dans un monde COVID-19», célèbre les efforts considérables déployés par les femmes et les filles du monde entier pour façonner un avenir plus égal et se remettre de la pandémie COVID-19 . Il est également aligné sur le thème prioritaire de la 65e session de la Commission de la condition de la femme, «Les femmes dans la vie publique, participation égale à la prise de décision».

La Journée internationale de la femme est l’occasion de réfléchir aux progrès accomplis, d’appeler au changement et de célébrer les actes de courage et de détermination des femmes ordinaires, qui ont joué un rôle extraordinaire dans l’histoire de leur pays et de leur communauté.
 
Des droits fonciers sûrs pour les femmes contribuent à la réalisation des droits humains fondamentaux, améliorent la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle et réduisent la pauvreté dans les zones rurales. L’égalité d’accès des femmes à la terre est essentielle pour garantir le droit de l’homme à une alimentation adéquate, à un logement, à la non-discrimination et à l’égalité, ainsi que d’autres droits fondamentaux. De plus, le droit des femmes à la terre est essentiel à leur autonomisation économique, en tant que base de la production alimentaire et de la création de revenus, comme garantie du crédit et comme moyen de conserver l’épargne pour l’avenir. Le contrôle des femmes sur la terre étend leurs capacités, étend leur pouvoir de négociation et améliore leur capacité à faire face à la vulnérabilité.

Des organisations du monde entier profitent de la Journée internationale de la femme 2021 pour présenter les efforts de lutte pour les droits fonciers des femmes et pour souligner le travail considérable qui reste à faire.

 

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23 mars 2021
Niger

L’acquisition d’un bien immobilier recouvre de multiples formes. Elle peut découler d’un héritage, d’un don de la part d’un particulier, d’un membre de la famille et / ou par le biais de l’achat. Cependant, il faut noter qu’en matière d’héritage comme de divorce ou de répudiation, ce sont les règles coutumières qui sont appliquées.

Exploring advocacy, research, and training on women’s land rights
11 mars 2021

Emplacement

Online
États-Unis
US
Afrique
Afrique sub-saharienne
Afrique australe
Afrique du Sud

Thursday, 11 March 2021 from 13:00–14:00 (CAT)

Organizers: 
Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies
The Network of Excellence on Land Governance in Africa
Oxfam International
Photo credit: Rod Waddington (Flickr)
9 mars 2021
Authors: 
Prof. Cheryl Doss
Dr. Joseph Feyertag
Ruth Meinzen-Dick
Global

On the International Women’s Day – and every day – we must call out gender bias wherever we see it. The trouble is, when it comes to land and property rights, much is hidden behind closed doors. But now, a new survey is giving voice to women around the world, letting them share their perceptions of their property rights.

Gender justice
18 mars 2021

Emplacement

Online
États-Unis
US
Global

Across the world, women are disproportionately impacted by the pandemic. One of the most dramatic effects is the rise in gender-based violence. Traditional and patriarchal systems for addressing abuse, often housed in police and court services, have failed to adequately respond to women’s needs.  

Organizers: 
Namati
A meeting between IED Afrique, the Mbadakhoune municipal team and local representatives (Photo: copyright Ibrahima Dia/IED Afrique)
8 mars 2021
Authors: 
Philippine Sutz
Afrique
République-Unie de Tanzanie
Ghana
Sénégal

Across East and West Africa, IIED and partners have been developing and testing approaches to strengthen women’s voices in local land governance. Philippine Sutz reflects on the role and impact of local governance frameworks as these approaches are implemented in different contexts.

Since 2016, IIED has been working with local partners across East and West Africa to strengthen rural women’s voices in local land governance.

The assumption underpinning this work is that when local women actively participate in land governance, related structures are more likely to recognise and defend women’s interests. This leads to fairer land relations and women having greater control over their livelihood options.

 

In each country where the project has been implemented – Tanzania, Ghana and Senegal – local partners have developed, strengthened or scaled up approaches to support local women to enter the political space and participate meaningfully in local decision-making processes on land allocation and use.

While tailored to address local contexts and needs, the approaches developed in each country share similarities: None of them ‘reinvent the wheel’ but build on existing governance arrangements; they are bottom-up and participatory, involving community dialogue and capacity building exercises; and they all seek to ensure that decision-making bodies on land include a minimum number of active women members and promote local dialogue.

But the approach design was different to recognise the opportunities and gaps associated with each country’s land governance framework.

Tanzania and Ghana: local level governance fosters local ownership

In Tanzania, the law establishes local authorities with power to administer land at the lowest administrative level: the village. The village council and village assembly play a key role in local land governance – they have the power to allocate land and make decisions on land use.

In Ghana, land is governed customarily by traditional authorities, and land governance rules vary from one area to another. In the area where our project was implemented – the Nanton Traditional Area – community chiefs are given power to administer land.

In both countries, the local governance systems enabled our partners to embed their approaches directly at the community level and ensure local ownership.

In Tanzania, the Tanzania Women Lawyers Association (TAWLA) worked directly with village authorities to support the adoption of gender-sensitive village by-laws promoting the participation of women in village level decision-making processes. The process received good support from local communities.

In Ghana, NETRIGHT and the Grassroot Sisterhood Foundation (GSF) worked with local community chiefs – the lowest traditional administrative unit – to establish Community Land Development Committees (CLDCs). These committees are designed to support chiefs in making decisions on land and ensure that such committees had women members.

Senegal: challenges at municipal level

In Senegal, meanwhile, public land is managed by the local governments of municipalities – and community land is allocated at the local level through the municipality. A ‘municipality’ includes between around 30 and 60 villages; this is a higher ‘administrative level’ compared with land governance in Tanzania or Ghana.

The authorities administering land are the municipal council through the land commission – a local body supporting the council’s decision-making process.

Our partner IED Afrique worked in Darou Khoudoss to support the inclusion of women in the land commission and the adoption of a local land charter promoting women’s participation in land governance.

Working at the municipal level – rather than directly in villages – has proved more challenging in terms of local ownership. IED Afrique developed additional activities to ensure buy-in at village level. In particular, they collaborated with local women’ groups to make sure that the project was reaching women in villages.

In Tanzania and Senegal, land being governed by national laws makes it easier to replicate and scale up approaches. In Tanzania, TAWLA was able to reach all 64 villages in the Kisarawe District. Replicating the approach across different regions in Ghana would have meant adapting it to each regional context, which would have been cumbersome and resource intensive.

Takeaways for policymakers

Comparing land governance frameworks (PDF) in the three countries shows how their nature – and in particular the existence (or lack) of heavily decentralised power on land – determines, to a degree, the administrative level where the intervention takes place. This impacts how easily participatory and inclusive bottom-up approaches can be implemented.

Local authorities having power over land at the village or community level – as in Tanzania and Ghana – is a real advantage, as it allows approaches to be embedded in the very communities they’re trying to support. When land is governed at a higher administrative level – as in Senegal – additional efforts and resources are often needed to ensure local ownership of the approach.

In wider terms, my sense is that the more decentralised a land governance framework, the better for democratic, participatory processes to take place and ultimately, for how local women’s voices can be reflected in decisions made on land administration. This should be kept in mind by governments undertaking land governance reforms.


This blog was originally posted  on the IIED website and is the fourth blog in a series looking at ways to strengthen women’s access to and control over land in Africa.

4 mars 2021
Inde

Documented as part of the World Bank study Land Policy Reform for Agricultural Transformation in India by NRMC Centre for Land Governance, this series of case studies analyzes recent interventions by government and non-government organizations to secure land tenure rights for poor farmers—especially the landless, tenants and women, resulting in increased access to agricultural land, ma

Photo credit: Sandra Coburn for USAID
4 mars 2021
Authors: 
Jennifer Duncan
Éthiopie
Malawi
Mozambique
République-Unie de Tanzanie
Zambie
Ghana
Libéria
Inde
Global

Secure land and resource rights are critical for household wellbeing and livelihoods in many developing countries, where land is the principal asset for the rural poor.

Fighting for women's land rights
8 mars 2021
Global

The Generation Equality Forum is coming back 25 years after the "Beijing Conference" to reignite women and girls empowerment to counter the unaddressed and new challenges.

Tribal people walk with their belongings in Tarapur village, about 87 km (54 miles) south from the western Indian city of Ahmedabad July 13, 2007. REUTERS/Amit Dave (INDIA)
8 mars 2021
Authors: 
Shipra Deo
Inde

In Jharkhand, eastern India, women are not entitled to own land and accusations of witchcraft are wielded against them to silence their claims to land

When Talabitti’s husband died in 2016, her claim to the family land seemed to die with him. Though her husband had worked the family land by himself, upon his death his male cousins laid their claim. If Talabitti attempted to make a competing claim, they threatened to drive her away – with violence, if necessary. Sadly, this threat materialized.

National datasets differ on women's land rights because they use different criteria in their calculations.
17 mars 2021
Authors: 
Mr. Pranab Choudhury
Inde

National datasets differ on women's land rights because they use different criteria in their calculations.

Bhubaneswar: There are wide variations in national datasets on women's land ownership in India depending on which agency made the estimate, frustrating efforts to design and implement gender-balanced policies, our analysis shows.

19 mars 2021
Authors: 
Dimuna Phiri Simpaya
Zambie

 

Closing the gender gap worldwide could reduce hunger for 100 million people and yet Zambian women have unequal rights to land, a fundamental building block of food security and poverty reduction. Women face multiple challenges that limit their ability to realise secure land rights, including social, cultural, economic, and political factors. Inequality and uncertainty in accessing, controlling, and owning property for women deprives them of the opportunity to participate in national economic development, and negatively impacts our country as a whole.

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