Intra-rural migration and pathways to greater well-being: Evidence from Tanzania | Land Portal | Sécurisation des droits fonciers à travers les données ouvertes

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Date of publication: 
décembre 2016
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 
FAODOCREP:8768fcf2-28fb-4c40-a17c-1927f0b30cdf
Pages: 
31
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Migration between rural locations is prevalent in many developing countries and has been found to improve economic well-being in sub-Saharan Africa. This paper explores the pathways through which intra-rural migration affects well-being in rural Tanzania. Specifically, we investigate whether such migration enables migrants to access more land, higher quality land, or greater off-farm income generating opportunities that may, in turn, translate into improved well-being. Drawing on a longitudinal data set that tracks rural migrants to their destinations, we employ a difference-in-differences approach, validated with a multinomial treatment effects model, and find that migration confers a benefit in consumption to migrants. Results do not indicate that this advantage is derived from larger farms or from more productive farmland. However, across all destinations, migrants are more likely to draw from off-farm and non-farm income sources, suggesting that even intra-rural migration represents a shift away from agriculture, and this is likely the dominant channel through which migrants benefit. We conclude that intra-rural migration merits greater attention in the discourse on rural development and structural transformation.

Auteurs et éditeurs

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 
Jayne, T. S.
Corporate Author(s): 
Publisher(s): 

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