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Showing items 1 through 9 of 150.
  1. Library Resource
    January, 1999
    Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean

    Paper uses a new pre-1940 Third World data base documenting real wages and relative factor prices to explore their determinants. There are three possibilities: external price shocks, factor endowment changes, and technological change. As the paper's title suggests, technological change is an unlikely explanation. The paper lays out an explicit econometric agenda for the future, although more casual empiricism suggests that external price shocks were doing most of the work, and declining-transport-cost-induced commodity price convergence in particular.

  2. Library Resource
    January, 1999
    Europe, Western Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Northern Africa

    Localization—the growing economic and political power of cities, provinces, and other sub-national entities—will be one of the most important new trends in the 21st century. Together with accelerating globalization of the world economy, localization could revolutionize prospects for human development or it could lead to chaos and increased human suffering.Improved communications, transportation and falling trade barriers are not only making the world smaller they are also fueling the desire and providing the means for local communities to shape their own future.

  3. Library Resource
    January, 1999
    Latin America and the Caribbean

    Paper addresses the following concerns:rural women have limited access to and control of landmost agrarian reforms and legislation that directly or indirectly regulate access to land discriminate against womenthe establishment of legal frameworks with a gender perspective and the elimination of cultural and institutional factors that prevent the recognition of women as producers are essential to safeguard rural women’s access to land.Merely introducing principles of equality into constitutions and in certain norms is not sufficient.

  4. Library Resource
    January, 2000
    Nicaragua, Latin America and the Caribbean

    While there is a consensus in Nicaragua that the security of property rights is a fundamental constraint to the long run development of the agricultural sector, there has been little empirical analysis to date of the relationship between land rights and rural economic activity.Using household level data collected between December, 1997– April, 1998 within the regions of Leon and Chinandega (known administratively as Region II), this paper investigates the relationship between rural land rights and agricultural credit, investment, and rural incomes (on farm and off farm).Results indicate tot

  5. Library Resource
    January, 1999
    Latin America and the Caribbean

    The application of the incremental cost assessment to biodiversity has always been uncertain. This paper seeks to demonstrate that the concept is a workable one in biodiversity. This paper has a twofold aim:1. to make explicit the strategic and logical approach to incremental cost assessment- to demonstrate that it is replicable and applicable to all GEF projects2. to apply this strategic and logical approach to specific case examples (or paradigm cases)
    - these paradigms will provide operational guidance at the more practical level

  6. Library Resource
    January, 2000
    Latin America and the Caribbean

    Reviews recent practices relating to displacement, resettlement, rehabilitation and development of people negatively affected by the construction of dams, in order to locate the global experiences in dam induced displacement and understand the socio-political context of displacement and resettlement. Further, the assessment focuses on how legal and regulatory instruments facilitating displacement and involuntary resettlement have performed in safeguarding the rights of affected people.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    April, 1999
    Ecuador

    La Ley de Desarrollo Agrario parte de un supuesto básico: el fracaso del proceso de reforma agraria y la necesidad de impulsar una vía capitalista empresarial en el agro. Es por ello que no se permite siquiera nombrar la reforma agraria donde el principal problema es la estructura de la tenencia de la tierra.

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