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FAO VGGT Closing Events
27 October 2021 to 28 October 2021
South-Eastern Asia
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Laos
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Over the past nine years, the project on Supporting Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests (VGGT)has helped countries make political commitments towards the eradication of hunger, f

Organizers: 
Land Portal Foundation
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
1 November 2021 to 4 November 2021

Location

Hybrid format - Online and in Kigali, Rwanda
Rwanda
RW
Africa

ABOUT THE EVENT

Land Governance for Safeguarding Art, Culture, and Heritage Towards the Africa We Want

Organizers: 
African Land Policy Centre

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Quantifying Tenure Risk (QTR)
Land: Enhancing Governance for Economic Development (LEGEND)

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Countries

Mahama Refugee camp for Burundian refugees in Rwanda 2015, Photo by UNHCR – Shaban Masengesho

Burundi is a small landlocked country in East Africa, neighbouring Rwanda, Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Burundi has a total surface area of 27,840 km² of which 25,680 km² are land and 2160 km² are water. Burundi’s colonial and post-colonial history has been closely intertwined with neighbouring Rwanda and has been deeply scarred by periods of social conflict and civil war, contributing to the outflow and influx of large numbers of refugees.

Somkhele Coal Mine, photo by Rob Symons/GroundUp (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

In 2019 South Africa had a population of 58.5 million people. The country has a land surface area of 1,220,000 km². Of this, around 11% of the land is arable. There are significant ecological variations ranging from dry conditions (desert and semi desert) in the west to two bands of higher rainfall in the east. South Africa is considered to be a water scarce country, with this scarcity exacerbated by extreme social and economic inequality. Just 28% of the land surface receives 600 mm or more of rain per annum. This means that most of the land is suitable only for livestock or wildlife production.

Issues

iv coast conflict.jpg

Conflict is a major cause and, in some cases, result of humanitarian crises. Conflict frequently overlaps with underlying social inequalities, poverty and high levels of vulnerability. Conflicts are direct threats to food security as they cause massive loss of life and therefore loss of workforce (which is particularly important, as agriculture tends to rely heavily on human labour), loss of vital livestock, and loss of land. Conflicts displace millions of people each year, often forcing them to flee with nothing and making them extremely reliant on the communities that offer them shelter and humanitarian aid. This can place unsustainable pressure on hosting communities that often face high levels of food insecurity and struggle to make ends meet.

Learn more about challenges concerning Land Conflicts

Post-conflict situations remain strained for years and can easily relapse into violence during the first two decades. During this social, political, and economic transition phase, post-conflict countries are especially fragile and vulnerable. Increasingly acknowledged as a key driver or root cause for conflict, land is as much a critical relapse factor as it is a bottleneck to recovery [1]. In the aftermath of war, access to and control of land and natural resources often remains a sensitive issue for years which may precipitate tensions and challenge stability. At the same time, resolving land-related issues is significant to achieve sustainable and durable peace. Yet, it is just one item on a long list of issues that need to be addressed in post-conflict periods next to reconciliation and transitional justice processes, establishing security and a functioning state, economic recovery, and the rebuilding of social cohesion [2].

Learn more about land-related issues in post-conflict settings...

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