SDG indicator 15.1.2 measures the proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type. According to the metadata document, establishing protected areas and safeguarding important sites contributes to protecting biodiversity and ensures the long term and sustainable use of terrestrial and freshwater natural resources. This indicator serves as a means of measuring progress toward the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands.
Number of years
|Countries / Obs||Min / Max Value|
|Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)|
|Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area)|
|Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)|
|X - Land Rights in protected areas - Community Lands|
|X - Land Rights in protected areas - Indigenous People|
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the leading global environmental authority that sets the global environmental agenda, promotes the coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development within the United Nations system and serves as an authoritative advocate for the global environment.
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